Presentation on theme: "WISH + PAST SIMPLE GERUND AND INFINITIVE"— Presentation transcript:
1 WISH + PAST SIMPLE GERUND AND INFINITIVE UNIT 8WISH + PAST SIMPLEGERUND AND INFINITIVE
2 WISH + PAST SIMPLEExpressing a wish or a desire to change something out a present or future situation I could speak better FRENCH Do you wish you passed all your exams? You can use WAS /WERE as the second conditional the cinema were cheaperI WISHIF ONLYI WISHIF ONLY
4 They are all wrong!! Fumar es malo para la salud Smoke is bad for your healthLe gusta coleccionar sellosHe likes to collect stampsNo soporto comer pescado (can’t stand)I can’t stand eat fishNo me importa caminar pero odio correrI don’t mind to walk but I hate to runEstoy cansada de esperarleI’m tired of wait himCan you translate these sentences into your own language?They are all wrong!!
5 Fumar es malo para la salud Smoke is bad for your healthSmoking is bad for your healthLe gusta coleccionar sellosHe likes to collect stampsHe likes collecting stampsNo soporto comer pescado (can’t stand)I can’t stand eat fishI can’t stand eating fishNo me importa caminar pero odio correrI don’t mind to walk but I hate to runI don’t mind walking but I hate runningEstoy cansada de esperarleI’m tired of wait himI’m tired of waiting him
6 GERUND Exception!!!!WOULD I would like to drink tea GERUND: ING form of the verbSubject of a verbLearning a foreign language is easier at a young ageSmoking is forbidden hereAfter love/like/hate/prefer…(when it is a object)I prefer sleeping than studying EnglishI love playing football when it is rainingAfter prepositionShe bought the food for feeding the dovesAfter certain verbs (you have to memorize)I don’t mind waking up early on SaturdayException!!!!WOULDI would like to drink tea
8 Great job!! Trabajo para ganar dinero Can you translate these sentences into your own language?Trabajo para ganar dineroI work to earn moneyMe sorprendió verle en el cine ayerI was surprised to see him at the cinema yesterdayLe invité a venir a mi casaI invited HIM to come to my houseLe aconsejé que diera clases extrasI advised HER to take extra lessonsNo podemos permitirnos comprar un coche nuevoWe can’t afford to buy a new carGreat job!!
9 GERUND AND INFINITIVE INFINITIVE: When it explains the purpose of an action (in order to)I work to earn moneyAfter certain verbs (you have to memorize)I can’t afford to buy a new car, it’s too expensive
10 BEGIN – START – CONTINUE – INTEND GERUND AND INFINITIVEGERUND AND INFINITIVE:Sometimes both of them can be usedBEGIN – START – CONTINUE – INTENDI continue studying/to study the lesson
11 STOP – REMEMBER – FORGET GERUND AND INFINITIVEGERUND AND INFINITIVE:Others there can be a change in meaning depending on which one we use.STOP – REMEMBER – FORGETSTOPREMEMBERFORGET
12 STOPI was working and I stop to eat something ( I was hungry)I stop eating chocolate when I was overweight. (the doctor told me I should do it)REMEMBERRemember to buy eggs!!I have to make a cake! ( don’t forget about it!)She remembers leaving the keys in her bag ( now they are not there, but she can remember the moment she put them inside it)
13 FORGET I forgot to close the door ( I didn’t close it) I forgot talking with Sally in your birthday party ( I can’t remember that moment, I think it never happened)
14 GERUND INFINITIVE STOP REMEMBER FORGET Not doing anymore She stopped smoking last summerStop in order to do somethingShe stopped to smoke, it was his break timeREMEMBERWhen you remember something that has happened in the pastHe remembered drinking at your partyWhen you think of something that you need to doHe remembered to close the doorFORGETThis is the opposite of remember + gerund. It's when you forget about a memory, something that you've done in the past.I forget giving you the keys (I don’t remember it anymore)This is the opposite of remember + to + infinitive. It's when you want to do something, but you forget about it.I forgot to call my mum! It was her birthday!
15 Gerunds and Infinitives Put the verbs in brackets into the gerund or the infinitive.I want ______________ (finish) work early tonight.I hate ___________ (wait) for buses in the rain.I’m going to the café ________________ (meet) Anna.Sam is really good at _________________ (climb).Thank you for ________________ (be) so helpful.I enjoy ___________ (listen) to the radio while cooking.Let’s go now. I’m worried about ___________ (miss) the train.He wanted__________________ (help) me.TO FINISHWAITINGTO MEETCLIMBINGBEINGLISTENINGMISSINGTO HELP
16 Gerunds and Infinitives TO DO9. There’s a lot of work __________________ (do) in the new building.10. ‘What’s this for?’‘It’s for ____________________ (cook) the vegetables.’11. I really love ___________-_ (play) with the children.12. _____________________ (swim) is a good form of exercise.13. I can’t stand __________ (do) the washing-up.14. We decided__________ (pass) the exam by ________ (test) each other every evening.15. We were getting tired, so we stopped ________ (have) lunch.16. I didn’t remember ____________ (talk) to him about tomorrow’s exam. I didn’t know it!COOKINGPLAYINGSWIMMINGDOINGTO PASSTESTINGTO HAVETALKING