Presentation on theme: "Warm-up 10/2 During the time of the earliest humans, when people still hunted and gathered their food, what would make a good place to live? What resources."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up 10/2 During the time of the earliest humans, when people still hunted and gathered their food, what would make a good place to live? What resources would people need to have around them all the time?
Archaeologist a person who studies human history using artifacts and fossils
Fossils The remains of plants or animals. These can be bones or imprints found in layers of rock
Excavation excavation is the process of finding archaeological remains. An excavation site or "dig" is a site being studied.
Early Humans What have archaeologist learned about early human tool making? -Humans made basic tools of stone like flint. They grinded the edges with other rocks to make them sharp. -Flintstones!Flintstones!
Early Humans Where did hominins settle? -Near food and water -Adapt to weather conditions and climate -Most scientists believe that hominins settled in East Africa because there was plentiful food (fruits and animals) -Migrated to Asia and Europe
Early Humans Originated in Africa Hominins = Walk upright – The first man-like creatures – 4.5 million years ago
Early Humans Homo Habilis – 2.5 million years ago – Used stone tools
Early Humans Homo Erectus – 1.7 million years ago – Means “upright man”
Early Humans Homo Neanderthalensis (Neanderthals) – 300,000 years ago – Used fire – Hunted small animals
Early Humans Homo Sapiens – 200,000 years ago – Large-brained
Early Humans During the last Ice Age (100,000 BCE – 8,000 BCE), the water level in the oceans dropped This revealed the Bering Land Bridge, connecting Asia to North America
Migration When a large group of people or animals moves from one place to another Humans originated in Africa and slowly migrated to different parts of the world over thousands of years
Nomadic People who move from place to place without a permanent home Humans were nomadic until the Neolithic Revolution (10,000 BCE – 2,000 BCE) – This means humans moved from place to place for millions of years and migrated to different parts of the world
Human Migration Worksheet Read the passage about how humans spread from Africa to the other continents Complete the charts on the back of the reading that show different human migrations throughout different points in history – Draw a symbol on each map, showing where humans were living. – Answer the questions about each date
Where did Humans Settle? 150,000 BCE Humans were living in Africa because of the warm weather Plenty of food was available (fruits, berries, and animals)
Where did Humans Settle? 80,000 BCE Earth’s climate turned much colder. Humans migrated to Southwest Asia in search of food and water
Where did Humans Settle? 40,000 BCE The Ice Age came to an end, so people started moving further north into Europe
Where did Humans Settle? 15,000 BCE Humans migrated from Asia to North America through the Bering Land Bridge