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Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness

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Presentation on theme: "Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness
Chapter 1 Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness Michael A. Hitt R. Duane Ireland Robert E. Hoskisson ©2003 South-Western Publishing Company

2 Strategy Implementation
The Strategic Management Process Chapter 2 The External Environment Strategic Intent Strategic Mission Strategic Inputs Chapter 3 The Internal Environment Strategy Formulation Strategy Implementation Chapter 4 Business-Level Strategy Chapter 5 Competitive Rivalry and Competitive Dynamics Chapter 6 Corporate- Level Strategy Chapter 10 Corporate Governance Chapter 11 Organizational Structure and Controls Strategic Actions Chapter 7 Acquisition and Restructuring Strategies Chapter 8 International Strategy Chapter 9 Cooperative Strategy Chapter 12 Strategic Leadership Chapter 13 Strategic Entrepreneurship Strategic Competitiveness Above-Average Returns Strategic Outcomes Feedback

3 Important Definitions
Strategic Management Process The full set of commitments, decisions, and actions required for a firm to achieve strategic competitiveness and earn above-average returns

4 Important Definitions
Strategic Competitiveness Achieved when a firm successfully formulates and implements a value-creating strategy Above-Average Returns Occurs when a firm develops a strategy that competitors are not simultaneously implementing Provides benefits which current and potential competitors are unable to duplicate

5 Strategic Flexibility
Organizational slack Strategic Flexibility Strategic Flexibility Strategic flexibility Strategic reorientation Capacity to learn

6 I/O Model of Above-Average Returns
1. External Environments General Environment Global Technological Economic Sociocultural Political/Legal Demographic 1. Strategy dictated by the external environments of the firm (what opportunities exist in these environments?) 2. Firm develops internal skills required by external environment (what can the firm do about the opportunities?) Industry Environment Competitor Environment

7 Industrial Organization Model
I/O Model of Above-Average Returns Industrial Organization Model The External Environment An Attractive Industry Strategy Formulation Assets and Skills Superior returns: earning of above-average returns Strategy Implementation Superior Returns

8 Four Attributes of Resources and Capabilities (Competitive Advantage)
Valuable allow the firm to exploit opportunities or neutralize threats in its external environment Rare possessed by few, if any, current and potential competitors Resources and Capabilities Costly to imitate when other firms cannot obtain them or must obtain them at a much higher cost Nonsubstitutable the firm is organized appropriately to obtain the full benefits of the resources in order to realize a competitive advantage

9 Resources and capabilities that meet these four criteria become a source of:
Valuable Rare Core Competencies Core Competencies Resources and Capabilities Costly to imitate Nonsubstitutable

10 Core Competencies are the basis for a firm’s
Competitive advantage Strategic competitiveness Core Competencies Ability to earn above-average returns

11 Resource-based Model of Above Average Returns
Resources Capability Competitive Advantage An Attractive Industry Superior returns: earning of above-average returns Strategy Form/Impl Superior Returns

12 The Firm and Its Stakeholders
Capital Market Stakeholders Product Market Stakeholders Organizational Stakeholders Employees Managers Nonmanagers

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