2 Labels and LabelingPesticide Labeling is the main means of communication between a pesticide manufacturer and Pesticide Users.Label is the information attached to the Pesticide Container.Labeling is the label and any other information you receive from the manufacturer.Any product that proclaims pesticidal qualities must be registered with the EPA and must have a label. Labels follow a standard format.Insecto ™ is diotomaceous earth and has a label
3 Pesticide LabelingGives you instructions on how to use the product safely and correctly.Pesticide users are required by law to comply with all the instructions and directions for use in pesticide labeling.
4 EPA Approval for Labeling No pesticide may be sold in the US until the EPA has approved the product.Product will not present unreasonable risk to humans and the environmentEPA has certain labeling requirements that must be approvedOnly after EPA approval and registration can the product be sold.
5 Types of Pesticide Registrations Federal RegistrationSpecial Local Needs RegistrationEmergency Exemption from Registration
6 Federal Registration Most Common form of Registration Also called a Section 3 label (Section 3 of the Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act….FIFRAOfficial EPA Registration number on labellook for the number to make sure you are buying an approved product.FIFRA is the federal law that regulates how pesticides are packaged, sold and used
7 Special Local Needs Registrations (Section 24c) Allows States to further control how a pesticide is used within their jurisdiction.registering additional uses to include sites and pestsadding limitations such as groundwater restrictions or number of applications
8 Special Local Needs Registrations Labeling must be provided for each special local needs registration.Applicators must have a copy of the special local needs labeling in their possession to apply the pesticide for that purpose.Growers apply to the Montana Department of Agriculture for Section 24sThe MSU Pesticide Education Program can assist growers with the Section 24 Process.
9 Emergency Exemptions Section 18 Used when an emergency pest situation arises for which no pesticide is registered.Request is made by growers to Montana Department of AgricultureStrict controls and recordkeeping are required for all these emergency exemptions.The MSU Pesticide Education Program can assist growers with the Section 18 Process.
10 Classification of Pesticide Uses EPA categorizes every use of pesticide as either-Unclassified or General use Pesticides -GUPRestricted Use (Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP)
11 Restricted Use Pesticides Classified as restricted if it could cause harm to humanspesticide handlersother personsOr have some environmental impactHigh water solubilityPersistentToxic to animals or beneficial insectsRUPs must be applied by certified applicators
12 Restricted Use “Use” refers to such activities as application mixing and loadingtransporting, storing, or handling pesticides after the manufacturer’s seal is brokencare and maintenance of application and handling equipmentdisposal of pesticides and their containers
13 Restricted Use Pesticides Only a certified pesticide applicator may use or supervise the use of restricted-use pesticides.Two types of certified pesticide applicatorsprivate applicatorscommercial applicators
14 Private ApplicatorsUse or supervise the use of restricted-use pesticides to produce agricultural commodities on propertyowned or rented by themselvestheir employer
15 Commercial Applicators Use or supervise the use of restricted-use pesticides on any property or for any purpose other than that listed for private applicators
16 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Brand NameIngredient StatementEach pesticide label must list what is in the productmust list the official chemical nameand/or common name of active ingredientsInert ingredients need not be named by the label must show what % the product contains.
17 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Type of PesticideinsecticidealgicideherbicideRegistration & Establishment NumbersNet ContentsName & Address of ManufacturerThe EPA registration number uniquely identifies the pesticide. The EPA Establishment number is found on the actual labels and tells where the product was manufactured. It is not on this slide because the label came from a sample book.
18 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Type of formulationWP - wettable powderD - dustEC - emulsifiable concentrate22K – 22% potassium (K) saltRestricted Use Labellabel will state “Restricted-Use Pesticide” in a box at the top of the front labelwill include a statement on the productIts nice to know the type of formulation so that you can plan for what kind of safety gear you need. Wet formulations such as Emulsifiable concentrates and Soluble liquids are more easily absorbed whereas dry formulations such as wettable powders (WP) and Dust are more easily inhaled, especially during mixing and loading. The “K” in Tordon 22K means it’s a potassium salt, salts are more soluble in water, but also potassium salts tend to react more with hard water minerals and may cause problems
19 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Signal Words Danger–Poison – it can kill you!Danger – usually associated with skin or eye damageWarning -moderately toxicCaution - least toxicSignal words indicate acute toxicity only (single short term dose).
21 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Remember – all labels follow a certain format Statement of practical treatment (first aid)instructions on how to respond to an emergency exposure involving the productPrecautionary StatementsWhat safety gear to wear (PPE)User Precautions
22 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Environmental HazardsPhysical or Chemical HazardsDirections for useit is a violation of Federal lay to us a pesticide in a manner inconsistent with its labeling
23 Brand NameIngredientsPPEEPA #’sSignal WordUser PrecautionsFirst Aid
24 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Entry Statementsome pesticide labeling contains a precaution about entering a treated area after application.This statement tells youhow much time must pass before people can enter a treated areaworker protection
25 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Storage and Disposalprohibitionsstoragespilled materialspesticide disposalcontainer disposalit is unlawful to burn pesticide containers in Montana
29 Uses inconsistent with the Pesticide Label it is illegal to use a pesticide in any way not permitted by the labeling.Off-siteImproper equipment settingsImproper rate (lack of calibration)No safety gear worn when the label says you must!A pesticide may be used only on the plants, animals, or sites named in the directions for use.If the site is listed but the pest is not, you can still use the product on site, but you have no recourse if the product doesn’t work.
30 Pesticide Labels You may not use higher dosages higher concentrations more frequent applications
31 Pesticide LabelsFederal law does allow you to use pesticides in some ways not mentioned in the labelingapply a pesticide at any dosage, concentration, or frequency less than that listed on the labelingapply a pesticide against any target pest not listed on the labeling if the application is to a plant, animal, or site that is listed,
32 Pesticide LabelsFederal law does allow you to use pesticides in some ways not mentioned in the labelinguse any appropriate equipment or method of application that is not prohibited by the labelingmix a pesticide or pesticides with a fertilizer if the mixture is not prohibited by the labelingmix two of more pesticides, if all of the dosages are at or below the recommended rate
33 Read the Label Before you purchase the product Before you apply the productBefore you dispose of the container