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MCT260-Operating Systems I Operating Systems I Interfaces to Operating Systems.

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Presentation on theme: "MCT260-Operating Systems I Operating Systems I Interfaces to Operating Systems."— Presentation transcript:

1 MCT260-Operating Systems I Operating Systems I Interfaces to Operating Systems

2 MCT260-Operating Systems I 2 Primary Learning Objective Understand and Utilize Operating System Interfaces

3 MCT260-Operating Systems I 3 Specific Learning Objectives Use the Microsoft Windows operating system graphical user interface (GUI) Understand the differences between the Windows XP and the Windows Classis interface Recognize and manipulate the components of windows, menus and dialog boxes Tile and cascade windows Demonstrate capturing objects from a window and paste them into a document

4 MCT260-Operating Systems I 4 Specific Learning Objectives Use the command line interface (CLI) Understand the purpose of the command prompt and command line Open and close a command prompt window Recognize the elements of the command prompt window Use the command history (DOSKEY) Demonstrate capturing text from a command prompt window and paste it into a document

5 MCT260-Operating Systems I 5 The means by which humans and computers communicate is referred to as the user interface. What is the User Interface?

6 MCT260-Operating Systems I 6 Software controls the user interface and defines its characteristics Hardware controls the way you physically manipulate the computer to establish communication The user interface is a combination of hardware and software.

7 MCT260-Operating Systems I 7 Accepts input and displays output Indicates results of processing Confirms task completion Uses both hardware and software The user interface...

8 MCT260-Operating Systems I 8 Use graphical objects, menus, and prompts Are easier to learn and use than other interfaces Are based on a metaphor — computer components are represented by real-world objects Graphical user interfaces (GUIs)... Graphical Objects

9 MCT260-Operating Systems I 9 Are small pictures you manipulate with pointing devices Represent a task, command, or real object Are used in place of command words or menu options Include icons, buttons, tools, and windows Graphical objects...

10 MCT260-Operating Systems I 10 Direct manipulation of screen objects Graphical Objects Use the mouse to drag the Sports Statistics document to the Recycle Bin.

11 MCT260-Operating Systems I 11 Graphical Objects Window — work area on the screen that contains a specific piece of work.

12 MCT260-Operating Systems I 12 Icon — small picture that represents an object that you manipulate with a pointing device. Button — helps you make a selection or activate a task; sometimes referred to as tools. Graphical Objects

13 MCT260-Operating Systems I 13 Graphical User Interface Desktop (Classic vs XP) Start Menu (Classic vs XP) Program Windows Using Menus and Toolbars Dialog boxes

14 MCT260-Operating Systems I 14 Dialog box controls... Round option buttons allow you to select only one option Square check boxes allow you to select more than one option Menus and Dialog Boxes

15 MCT260-Operating Systems I 15 Drop-down lists display a list of options when you select the arrow button Spin boxes let you increase or decrease a number by clicking the arrow buttons or typing a number in the box Dialog box controls... Menus and Dialog Boxes

16 MCT260-Operating Systems I 16 Dialog box... Tabs Slide Switch Drop-down List box

17 MCT260-Operating Systems I 17 Typing in commands at screen prompts Pressing the Enter key after each command Memorizing command words, parameters, and switches Using the proper syntax Command-line user interfaces require... Commands

18 MCT260-Operating Systems I 18 Syntax — specifies the sequence and punctuation for command words, parameters, and switches. Commands

19 MCT260-Operating Systems I 19 DIR DEL CLS COPY /? Command — an instruction you input to tell the computer to carry out a task. Examples:

20 MCT260-Operating Systems I 20 Command Prompt Window

21 MCT260-Operating Systems I 21 Capturing a Window You can capture a window to the clipboard and paste it into a document You can then resize, edit, and print the document that contains your original window

22 MCT260-Operating Systems I 22 How to Capture Entire Desktop with all open windows –Press Print Screen Key on the keyboard This key has various labels depending on the keyboard manufacturer Highlighted window only –Simultaneously press the ALT key and Print Screen Key Open a document and paste!

23 MCT260-Operating Systems I 23 Capture Text in a DOS Window You can capture the entire window but sometimes you may just want to capture (copy) the text that is inside the window Make sure all text that is desired is visible inside the DOS window Use the Edit/Mark selection from the program icon menu to mark the text to be captured and then press the Enter key

24 MCT260-Operating Systems I 24 Marking Text

25 MCT260-Operating Systems I 25 Homework Assignment Reading –Windows XP Textbook – Chap 1 –CLI Textbook - pp. 24-26, 34, 39-42, 52-64 –Handout Lab Exercise –Online Help –Operating System Interfaces Homework 2 Basics of Windows XP Due Date: Next Tuesday

26 MCT260-Operating Systems I 26 References Windows XP Textbook CLI Textbook Internet Metro Lab

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