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Understanding Drug LabelsTextbook Assignment: Pickar, G. (2007). Dosage calculations: A ratio-proportion approach. (2nd ed.) Chapter 8 Revised KBurger 0808
Drug Names Brand, trade, proprietary GenericManufacturer’s name for a drug Generic Established, nonproprietary name
Brand and Generic NamesBrand name is usually most prominent Generic name must be on all drug labels Nurses must cross check medications to prevent errors
Brand and Generic Names
Identify the Brand Name
Identify the Generic Name
Dosage Strength Dosage weight or amount of drug provided in a specific unit of measurement
Identify Dosage Strength
Form Structure and composition of drug Solid forms for oral useInjectable Suppositories Creams Patches
Supply Dosage Both dosage and form Dosage per tabletDosage per milliliter
Total Volume Full quantity contained in bottle or vialTotal number of tablets or other solids Total fluid volume for liquids
Administration Route Site of body or method of drug delivery OralEnteral ( NG or GT ) Sublingual Injection ( IM, Subcut, IV, IVP, IVPB ) Otic Optic Topical Rectal Inhaled
Label Alerts Warnings or special alerts Examples ManufacturerRefrigerate at all times Keep in a dry place Manufacturer Pharmacies
Identify Administration Route Identify Label Alert
Other Parts of Label Manufacturer Expiration dateLot or control numbers National Drug Code Controlled Substance Schedule Bar Code USP of NF Unit or single dose Reconstitution instructions
Locate Expiration Date Locate Reconstitution Instructions
Other Considerations Combination Drugs Example: Percocet (Oxycodone & Acetaminophen) Supply Dosage in Ratio or Percent Example: Epinephrine 1: Lidocaine 2%
Drug Calculations and Label InterpretationsThe MD has ordered: Furosemide 40 mg IVP Stat On hand is the medication pictured at right. How many mL will you administer?
Drug Calculations and Label InterpretationsThe MD orders: Clarithromycin 500 mg PO q12h pc On hand is the medication labeled as below. How many tablets will you give? When will you give them?
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Copyright © 2008 Thomson Delmar Learning Conversions: Between and Within Systems Revised KBurger0808 Textbook Assignment: Pickar, G. (2007). Dosage calculations:
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Medical Dosage Calculation Copyright ©2012, ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Dosage Calculations: A Dimensional Analysis Approach,
BASIC PHARMACOLOGY Generic Brand Name. Objectives Categories Label Terminology Abbrevi- ations Law Administra- tion Conversions Dosage.
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© 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 14 Parenteral Dosages and Other Medication Administration Forms PowerPoint ® Presentation.
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