The Do s and Don’t s of Presentations and Powerpoint
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1 The Do s and Don’t s of Presentations and Powerpoint
2 Aim of the presentation Presentations need to be given for many reasons and in many different situationsFormalInformalResearchConcept pitchSalesMake sure you know your audience and the aim of the presentation is very clear
3 Know how much time you have and plan the presentation accordingly Research presentations usually15mins: 10–12min presentation & 3-5min questions20mins: 15min presentation & 5min questionsAim for no more than one slide per minute of presentation.Do not over-run
4 Slide Design A balance between Interesting Informative Nice to look at Easy to read
5 Slide Design: Background Your choice of background has a huge influence on your slidesPlain backgrounds boring but very easy to readDark text on light backgroundLight text on dark backgroundBe very careful of your colour combinationsNeed contrast between background and textSome colours just don’t work!
6 Slide Design: Background Can make background more interesting byAdding shadingPowerpoint background templateBackground designBe very careful that background does not distract from slide contentFeint designs can be goodGood to use plain background with simple picture or motif to personalise your slides
7 Slide Design: FontWhich of these lines do you find easiest to read?
8 Slide Design: Font Times New Roman - Which of these lines…. Arial - Which of these lines….Verdana – Which of these lines….Tahoma - Which of these lines….Comic Sans - Which of these lines….All 32 pt
9 Slide Design: Font Size 32 pt font is easy to read28 pt font is still fine24 pt is ok but if you just use this you are likely to have too much text on the slide20 pt is getting small and difficult to read18 pt should only be used for small detailsNever use anything smaller that 18pt
10 Slide Content: Outline Many people recommend starting with an outline of the contents and structure of the presentationStructureSlide designPresentation SkillsExample research presentationsDiscussion and feedbackConclusions
11 Slide Content: Structure IntroductionBackground and work that has lead to the current studyHypothesis/QuestionMethodsResultsUnlike a research paper you normally discuss your results as you present themConclusionsImplications, take home message and further research
12 Slide ContentTry not to cover too much information on each slide: one point per slide.Don’t have too much text!Try not to have large blocks of textWhere appropriate use diagrams and pictures to illustrate your pointSchematic diagram of experimental set upPicture of data collectionMake sure pictures are relevant
13 Slide Content: Tables and Graphs In most research presentations the results are presented in the form of Tables and GraphsMAKE SURE THE AUDIENCE CAN READ THEM
14 Slide Content: Graphs If you paste a graph straight from Excel The lines are too thinThe lines are often colours that you cannot seeAxis titles are too small
15 Slide Content: Graphs Title Grey background shows pasted straight from ExcelLines too thinAxis labelsFont too smallAxis labels
17 Slide Content: GraphsDon’t use light blueUse contrasting colours
18 Don’t try to fit too much on one slide Slide Content: GraphsDon’t try to fit too much on one slide
19 Slide Content Results Start by describing the graphs and tables What the axis areWhat each of the lines representsWhat the graphs showsWhat does it all mean?Discuss the results in relation to your hypotheses and previous research
20 Slide Content Conclusion Arguably the most important part of the presentationMake sure your ‘take home point’ is very clearWhat are the implications of this research?
21 Slide Content Remember to… Cite the sources of your information The author(s) and date of the reference are usually sufficientIt is NOT necessary to give a list of references at the end of your presentationAcknowledge any assistance you have been given
22 The more you do the easier they will become Presentation SkillsDon’t go too fastRemember to breathe and take pausesTry to engage your audience – eye contactTry not to read from notesPRACTICE!!!!The more you do the easier they will become