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The Do s and Don’t s of Presentations and Powerpoint

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Presentation on theme: "The Do s and Don’t s of Presentations and Powerpoint"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Do s and Don’t s of Presentations and Powerpoint

2 Aim of the presentation
Presentations need to be given for many reasons and in many different situations Formal Informal Research Concept pitch Sales Make sure you know your audience and the aim of the presentation is very clear

3 Know how much time you have and plan the presentation accordingly
Research presentations usually 15mins: 10–12min presentation & 3-5min questions 20mins: 15min presentation & 5min questions Aim for no more than one slide per minute of presentation. Do not over-run

4 Slide Design A balance between Interesting Informative Nice to look at
Easy to read

5 Slide Design: Background
Your choice of background has a huge influence on your slides Plain backgrounds boring but very easy to read Dark text on light background Light text on dark background Be very careful of your colour combinations Need contrast between background and text Some colours just don’t work!

6 Slide Design: Background
Can make background more interesting by Adding shading Powerpoint background template Background design Be very careful that background does not distract from slide content Feint designs can be good Good to use plain background with simple picture or motif to personalise your slides

7 Slide Design: Font Which of these lines do you find easiest to read?

8 Slide Design: Font Times New Roman - Which of these lines….
Arial - Which of these lines…. Verdana – Which of these lines…. Tahoma - Which of these lines…. Comic Sans - Which of these lines…. All 32 pt

9 Slide Design: Font Size
32 pt font is easy to read 28 pt font is still fine 24 pt is ok but if you just use this you are likely to have too much text on the slide 20 pt is getting small and difficult to read 18 pt should only be used for small details Never use anything smaller that 18pt

10 Slide Content: Outline
Many people recommend starting with an outline of the contents and structure of the presentation Structure Slide design Presentation Skills Example research presentations Discussion and feedback Conclusions

11 Slide Content: Structure
Introduction Background and work that has lead to the current study Hypothesis/Question Methods Results Unlike a research paper you normally discuss your results as you present them Conclusions Implications, take home message and further research

12 Slide Content Try not to cover too much information on each slide: one point per slide. Don’t have too much text! Try not to have large blocks of text Where appropriate use diagrams and pictures to illustrate your point Schematic diagram of experimental set up Picture of data collection Make sure pictures are relevant

13 Slide Content: Tables and Graphs
In most research presentations the results are presented in the form of Tables and Graphs MAKE SURE THE AUDIENCE CAN READ THEM

14 Slide Content: Graphs If you paste a graph straight from Excel
The lines are too thin The lines are often colours that you cannot see Axis titles are too small

15 Slide Content: Graphs Title
Grey background shows pasted straight from Excel Lines too thin Axis labels Font too small Axis labels

16 Slide Content: Graphs

17 Slide Content: Graphs Don’t use light blue Use contrasting colours

18 Don’t try to fit too much on one slide
Slide Content: Graphs Don’t try to fit too much on one slide

19 Slide Content Results Start by describing the graphs and tables
What the axis are What each of the lines represents What the graphs shows What does it all mean? Discuss the results in relation to your hypotheses and previous research

20 Slide Content Conclusion
Arguably the most important part of the presentation Make sure your ‘take home point’ is very clear What are the implications of this research?

21 Slide Content Remember to… Cite the sources of your information
The author(s) and date of the reference are usually sufficient It is NOT necessary to give a list of references at the end of your presentation Acknowledge any assistance you have been given

22 The more you do the easier they will become
Presentation Skills Don’t go too fast Remember to breathe and take pauses Try to engage your audience – eye contact Try not to read from notes PRACTICE!!!! The more you do the easier they will become

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