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Java Server and Servlet CS616 Team 9 Kim Doyle, Susan Kroha, Arunima Palchowdhury, Wei Xu.

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Presentation on theme: "Java Server and Servlet CS616 Team 9 Kim Doyle, Susan Kroha, Arunima Palchowdhury, Wei Xu."— Presentation transcript:


2 Java Server and Servlet CS616 Team 9 Kim Doyle, Susan Kroha, Arunima Palchowdhury, Wei Xu

3 History What is a Java Server/Servlet Architecture Pros and Cons Existing Java Servers Conclusion Java Server and Servlet

4 History Web has undergone rapid changes E-Commerce  Transition from static to dynamic environment  Birth of Common Gateway Interface (CGI) CGI languages include  Perl  C, C++  Visual Basic Script

5 CGI Pros and Cons Browser HTTP Web Server CGI bin Process HTML Database Insecure Platform dependent Inefficient

6 CGI vs. Servlet Servlet is Sun’s solution for CGI Both generate dynamic contents Servlet is light Servlet is secure Servlet is platform independent Servlet has better support for reusable component

7 Java Server Definition An instance of Java Virtual Machine One Java Server can support multiple concurrent services Java Server can start:  administrative services  HTTP services  web proxy services Services are configured when server process is initiated

8 Java Servlet Definition Java class that runs in JVM associated with Server Java object that conforms to a specific interface defined by the server architecture Loaded and invoked by services Multithreading Extends the functionality of the server

9 Server and Servlet Interaction Browser HTTP Web Server Servlet Engine Servlets HTML Database Application Business Log.

10 Demo and Servlet Life Cycle Application Server Servlet Engine Init() Service () doGet () doPost () Destroy() Do… () link to Utopia HttpResponse HttpRequest PrintWriter link to Laptop

11 Simple Sample (Hello World) import*; import javax.servlet.*; import javax.servlet.http.*; public class HelloWorld extends HttpServlet { public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException, ServletException { response.setContentType("text/html"); PrintWriter out = response.getWriter(); out.println(" "); out.println("Hello World! "); out.println(" "); out.println(" Hello World! "); out.println(" "); }}

12 Servlet Functions Reads data sent by user Looks up information from HTTP request Connects to database Invokes legacy application Executes RMI or CORBA calls Executes algorithm Formats document Sends document back to clients

13 Servlets Algorithm JDBC PANDA Project Group Assignment Servlets in Action Tomcat HTTP Link to Laptop link to Utopia

14 Servlet with Synchronization… public class AlgorithmRequest extends HttpServlet { public void doPost (HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException{ PrintWriter output; response.setContentType("text/html"); output = response.getWriter(); if(getConnection()){ String SemesterCourse = request.getParameter("SEMESTERCOURSE"); synchronized (this) { AlgorithmControl ac = new AlgorithmControl(SemesterCourse); …………………………………………

15 Servlet Advantanges Convenient Efficient (light weight thread, memory) Inexpensive Keep intellectual properties on the server Portable Powerful Secure

16 Server Advantanges Efficient  Memory management  Light weight Platform independent Thread-safe

17 Server Considerations Java is slower than C++ However, Java server uses threads

18 WebSphere from IBM WebLogic from BEA 9i Application Server from Oracle Jrun from Allaire iPlanet from Sun Tomcat from Apache Java Servers or Engines

19 Apache and Tomcat Industrial strength Web server Tomcat is a servlet engine that can be plugged in with Apache Apache and Tomcat can be down loaded from FREE!

20 Servlet vs. PHP PHP also free open source PHP consists of tags in HTML document Servlet is more widely supported Servlet is written in Java with extensive API for:  database access  distributed objects  networking

21 Servlet vs. ASP ASP is a competing technology from Microsoft Servlet is portable to  other operating systems  web servers Servlet is more powerful for complex applications Better support for reusable components

22 Conclusion Java server and servlet are  Economical  Portable  Powerful  Secure

23 Thank You

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