Routes of Administration Oral Generally safe, easy, and economical Medication is swallowed Absorbed slowly into digestive tract Patients must be alert to take medications Sublingual Place medication under the tongue Absorbed rapidly into the capillaries Digestive tract is bypassed
Routes of Administration continued Inhalation Fine mist or gas absorbed by the lung capillaries Patients may need assistance with administration Onset of action is generally rapid Delivery of drug is usually an inhaler device
Routes of Administration continued Subcutaneous Drug is injected under skin into fat Absorbed slowly by the surrounding bloodstream Common route for epinephrine Intravenous Liquid injected directly into the bloodstream Usually administered by ALS personnel Onset of action is immediate
Routes of Administration continued Intramuscular Drug is injected deep into muscle tissue Absorbed slowly through capillaries Common route for epinephrine autoinjectors
Topical Applied and absorbed through the skin Onset of action is very slow Common medications administered are NTG patches and creams Rectal Drug is given through anus into rectum Absorbed at rate similar to oral route Not commonly done in the field Routes of Administration continued
If you receive an order to administer a medication, always repeat medication name, dose and route back to the physician for confirmation.
Medication Documentation Who ordered the medication - physician and time? What medication was administered? What time was the medication administered? What was the dose given?
What was the route? Who administered the drug? What were the vital signs before and after administration? What was the patient’s response to the medication? Medication Documentation continued
SUMMARY Medication Information Medication Information Medication Administration Medication Administration Medication Actions Medication Actions Medication Documentation