Presentation on theme: "FACTORS THAT AFFECT RATES OF REACTION"— Presentation transcript:
1 FACTORS THAT AFFECT RATES OF REACTION Chapter 7.3
2 COLLISION MODELStates that the rate of reaction is affected by the number of collisions of reactant molecules.Molecules in a gas or a liquid are constantly colliding with each other.
3 4 FACTORS There are four factors that affect the rate of reaction. TEMPERATURECONCENTRATIONSURFACE AREACATALYSTS
4 TEMPERATUREHigher temperatures increase the rate of a chemical reaction because particles move faster at high temperatures and this creates more violent collisions more often.
5 CONCENTRATIONHigher concentration increase the rate of a chemical reaction because there are more particles to collide with.
6 SURFACE AREAA larger surface area increases the rate of a chemical reaction because there are more exposed particles in the compound.
7 CATALYSTSA substance that increases a chemical reaction but does not get consumed by the reaction.Therefore it is not considered a reactant or product.Works by reducing the energy needed to break bonds, provides easier paths for reactions.
8 QUESTIONExplain how you would use your knowledge of factors that affect the rate of reaction to cook a steak as quickly as possible.Temperature – increase to highSurface Area – Cut steak into pieces (increase area)Concentration – noneCataylsts - none
9 QUESTIONWhat effect on the rate of reaction of a metal with 20 ml of dilute acid at room temperature would you expect if:A) the acid was cooled to 100C?B) 2 ml of concentrated acid was added?C) the metal was ground into powder before addition to the acid?
10 ANSWER A) The reaction rate would decrease (slow down) B) the reaction rate would increase ( speed up)C) the reaction rate would increase ( speed up )