2 Intrapersonal Communication Communication that takes place within yourself.EX: Deciding what to wear in the morning.
3 Interpersonal Communication Communication that involves 2 or more persons.EX: Discussing your plans for the weekend with your friend.
4 Nonverbal Communication/Symbols Anything used to communicate that DOES NOT use language.EX: Picture, facial expression
5 Verbal Communication/Symbols Anything used to communicate that relies on language and words.EX: Writing a letter.
6 Fields of Experience Areas of knowledge, interest, or involvement. EX: Taking a class in US History allows me to expand my knowledge of history.
7 ConversationOne-to-one interpersonal communication on a topic of interest to both people.EX: Texting with your BFF
8 ThinkingThe ability of humans to understand, conceive, and manipulate ideas.EX: Listening to someone talk, processing it, and then being able to change that information.
9 Reasoning The ability to think, form judgments, and draw conclusions. The process of putting evidence together into a logical argument.EX: Taking information about politics and putting it into an argument to convince someone else.
10 Memory The brain’s storage bin. The ability to and process of recalling facts previously learned or past experiences.EX: Susan told me something on Tuesday and on Thursday I bring it up in a conversation.
11 DecodingTranslating incoming information or messages into understandable concepts.EX: Jonathan says something out loud, you hear and understand what he means.
12 Encoding Putting a message into symbols. EX: You are thinking about the answer to a question, you then formulate how you can say that answer out loud.
13 Listening Barriers Distraction Daydreaming Close-mindedness EX: NoiseDaydreamingEX: Thinking about your video game during class.Close-mindednessEX: You won’t listen to Mary because she doesn’t have your same opinion.Listening only to what is easy to understandYou tune out when someone uses a big word.
14 SymbolAnything that stands for something else and is used for communication.EX: $, language
15 ParalanguageThe ways in which you say words, including volume, pitch, speaking rate, and voice quality, as well as sounds that are not words.EX: Sarcasm
17 VolumeThe loudness or quietness of sound.EX: Yelling, whispering
18 Controls of Nervousness PreparationResearch, Study, WriteRelaxationYawn, Stretch, Close Eyes, Breathe DeepAttitudePositive Self Talk, Reflect on YourselfConcentrationFocus on your subject, not yourselfHumorJokes, Funny PhrasesMovementUse Structured MovementPracticeSay aloud, In front of people
19 Controlled Stage Fright The realization that a feeling of tension is natural and can actually sharpen thinking, so that nervousness can be regulated.EX: You have practiced and feel confident, as your body starts to get nervous, you tell yourself you can do this.
20 Runaway Stage FrightFeelings of anxiety that are so intense that one loses control.EX: You start to feel nervous and continue thinking about that nervousness unitl it gets so bad you are shaking.
21 Audience AnalysisLearning everything you can about the background, attitudes, and interests of the people who will listen to you.EX: Finding out the general age range of your audience to pick the right type of language.
22 Specific PurposeThe intention of a speaker; that which the speaker wants the listeners to know, think, believe, or do as a result of hearing a speech.EX: I write my speech about pandas because I want people to know more about them.
23 Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Personification Hyperbole The bed was as soft as a cloud.MetaphorThe bed was a fluffy cloud.PersonificationThe air was angry as it whipped through the trees.HyperboleThere were 100 million people at the mall on Saturday.
24 Speech Delivery Methods ManuscriptYou write the speech out as a script and read it to the audience.MemorizationYou learn and recite the speech word-for-word without any notes.ExtemporaneousYou prepare notes and outlines but do not memorize exact words.ImpromptuYou have little or no time to prepare and present a speech.
25 Parts of the Communication Cycle/Model SENDERFEEDBACKMESSAGERECEIVER
26 InterviewA formal kind of interpersonal communication often involving two persons with a particular or definite goal in mind.Meeting and talking with the manager at Wal-mart for a job.
27 Types of Gestures Emphatic Transitional Descriptive Locative Stress or emphasizeTransitionalTransition from one part to another partDescriptiveDescribe thingsLocativeShow direction or location
28 Speaking Techniques Use specific words Rhetorical Questions Repetition Mother is more specific than womanRhetorical QuestionsAsking a question to have the audience think about the answerRepetitionSaying the same idea with the same wordsRestatementStating the same idea with different words
29 CommunicationThe process of sending and receiving messages to achieve understanding.