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1st 6 weeks Review Answers

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1 1st 6 weeks Review Answers

2 Intrapersonal Communication
Communication that takes place within yourself. EX: Deciding what to wear in the morning.

3 Interpersonal Communication
Communication that involves 2 or more persons. EX: Discussing your plans for the weekend with your friend.

4 Nonverbal Communication/Symbols
Anything used to communicate that DOES NOT use language. EX: Picture, facial expression

5 Verbal Communication/Symbols
Anything used to communicate that relies on language and words. EX: Writing a letter.

6 Fields of Experience Areas of knowledge, interest, or involvement.
EX: Taking a class in US History allows me to expand my knowledge of history.

7 Conversation One-to-one interpersonal communication on a topic of interest to both people. EX: Texting with your BFF

8 Thinking The ability of humans to understand, conceive, and manipulate ideas. EX: Listening to someone talk, processing it, and then being able to change that information.

9 Reasoning The ability to think, form judgments, and draw conclusions.
The process of putting evidence together into a logical argument. EX: Taking information about politics and putting it into an argument to convince someone else.

10 Memory The brain’s storage bin.
The ability to and process of recalling facts previously learned or past experiences. EX: Susan told me something on Tuesday and on Thursday I bring it up in a conversation.

11 Decoding Translating incoming information or messages into understandable concepts. EX: Jonathan says something out loud, you hear and understand what he means.

12 Encoding Putting a message into symbols.
EX: You are thinking about the answer to a question, you then formulate how you can say that answer out loud.

13 Listening Barriers Distraction Daydreaming Close-mindedness
EX: Noise Daydreaming EX: Thinking about your video game during class. Close-mindedness EX: You won’t listen to Mary because she doesn’t have your same opinion. Listening only to what is easy to understand You tune out when someone uses a big word.

14 Symbol Anything that stands for something else and is used for communication. EX: $, language

15 Paralanguage The ways in which you say words, including volume, pitch, speaking rate, and voice quality, as well as sounds that are not words. EX: Sarcasm

16 Pitch The highness or lowness of sounds

17 Volume The loudness or quietness of sound. EX: Yelling, whispering

18 Controls of Nervousness
Preparation Research, Study, Write Relaxation Yawn, Stretch, Close Eyes, Breathe Deep Attitude Positive Self Talk, Reflect on Yourself Concentration Focus on your subject, not yourself Humor Jokes, Funny Phrases Movement Use Structured Movement Practice Say aloud, In front of people

19 Controlled Stage Fright
The realization that a feeling of tension is natural and can actually sharpen thinking, so that nervousness can be regulated. EX: You have practiced and feel confident, as your body starts to get nervous, you tell yourself you can do this.

20 Runaway Stage Fright Feelings of anxiety that are so intense that one loses control. EX: You start to feel nervous and continue thinking about that nervousness unitl it gets so bad you are shaking.

21 Audience Analysis Learning everything you can about the background, attitudes, and interests of the people who will listen to you. EX: Finding out the general age range of your audience to pick the right type of language.

22 Specific Purpose The intention of a speaker; that which the speaker wants the listeners to know, think, believe, or do as a result of hearing a speech. EX: I write my speech about pandas because I want people to know more about them.

23 Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Personification Hyperbole
The bed was as soft as a cloud. Metaphor The bed was a fluffy cloud. Personification The air was angry as it whipped through the trees. Hyperbole There were 100 million people at the mall on Saturday.

24 Speech Delivery Methods
Manuscript You write the speech out as a script and read it to the audience. Memorization You learn and recite the speech word-for-word without any notes. Extemporaneous You prepare notes and outlines but do not memorize exact words. Impromptu You have little or no time to prepare and present a speech.

25 Parts of the Communication Cycle/Model

26 Interview A formal kind of interpersonal communication often involving two persons with a particular or definite goal in mind. Meeting and talking with the manager at Wal-mart for a job.

27 Types of Gestures Emphatic Transitional Descriptive Locative
Stress or emphasize Transitional Transition from one part to another part Descriptive Describe things Locative Show direction or location

28 Speaking Techniques Use specific words Rhetorical Questions Repetition
Mother is more specific than woman Rhetorical Questions Asking a question to have the audience think about the answer Repetition Saying the same idea with the same words Restatement Stating the same idea with different words

29 Communication The process of sending and receiving messages to achieve understanding.

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