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The Design Cycle: A Problem Solving Process
IB Design Technology The Design Cycle: A Problem Solving Process
What is the point? A proven method and process
Can be utilized for any problem Helps you to produce quality work
Design Cycle: Problem Solving Process Overview
A - Investigating and analyzing B - Developing ideas C - Creating the solution D - Evaluating
A: Investigating & analyzing
Students will: Explain the importance of the problem Justify the need for a solution Consider their targeted audience Identify and prioritize research needed to develop a solution Analyze a range of existing products that inspire a solution Develop a detailed “Design Brief” which summarizes the analysis of relevant research
Investigating-Design Brief Details
When developing the design brief, you should… concisely summarize only the useful and relevant information you have found through your research present this information in your own words not copy and paste information from sources without directly quoting and providing analysis or explaining how it is relevant
B: Developing Ideas Students will:
develop a design specification that clearly states the success criteria develop a range of feasible design ideas, which can be interpreted by others present the final chosen design and justify develop accurate and detailed planning drawings/diagrams and outline the requirements for the creation of the chosen solution
Design Specs = success criteria To be successful, the solution must
Design Specs = success criteria To be successful, the solution must... (have, be, include, do, etc.)
Developing Ideas - Details
In MYP design, a feasible idea is one that the you can create within the allocated time with the tools and facilities. Some examples of “planning drawings/diagrams” include: website navigation maps, websites detailed sketches (graphic design) detailed storyboards (video editing and animations scale drawing with measurements (orthographic), part and assembly drawings exploded drawings recipes cutting plans
Developing Ideas - Details
C: Creating the solution
Students will: construct a logical plan, describing time & resources demonstrate excellent technical skills follow the plan justify fully any changes made to the chosen design and plan during the process present the solution as a whole either in electronic form or through photographs of the solution showing details from different angles
Creating the solution - Details
When changes have been made to the solution, students must describe and justify each change. Technical skills: The level of technical skill can be determined using the following two factors: the complexity of skill demonstrated the level of guidance needed from the teacher to complete the task
D:Evaluating Students will:
design detailed and relevant testing methods that will generate data and make it possible to measure the success of the solution evaluate the success of the solution against the design specification* explain how the solution could be improved explain the impact of the solution on the targeted audience/client
Evaluating - Details Product testing: stage in the design process where versions of products (prototypes) are tested against the design need (specification), applied to the context and presented to the end-user or target audience. Tests include collection and analysis of data. Types of testing include: user trial and observation: (usability and intuitiveness), field/ performance test: (functionality and performance), expert appraisal: (beta testing, consumer testing)
Evaluating details continued…
Authentic tests are: relevant to the project completed by appropriate testers used to gain high-quality feedback.
Design/Problem Solving Process Review
Investigating Developing ideas Creating the solution Evaluating
How Can We Apply it? Product Solving a general problem
Discuss Solving a general problem Personal Physical Fitness Plan
Homework: Complete your set of Cornell notes as evidence of “Creating the solution.” Review the PowerPoint on our website if needed. Make sure use feedback on your practice Cornell notes and apply that to this task. Include summaries on each page! Include any changes you made to the system and justify why you made those changes. OR If you made no changes, explain why this system works for you.
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