Presentation on theme: "EU Maritime Security Policy and legislation"— Presentation transcript:
1 EU Maritime Security Policy and legislation Christian DUPONTDeputy Head of Unit for Maritime & Land Transport SecurityDG Mobility and TransportEuropean CommissionTrafi seminar, Helsinki ,16 & 17 September 2014
2 Key figures EU MARSEC LEGISLATION APPLIES TO : 23 coastal States & 26 Flag States7574 flagged vessels (to which Regulation 725/2004 applies)4300 maritime companies1082 ports > 3800 port facilities80 RSO appointed by the MS
3 What is maritime security ? Preventing/reacting vs threats – only for/against the users of the seas?What kind of threats?Traditional threats to maritime security : mainly diplomatic/military nature (i.e. territorial disputes)Non-traditional threats : terrorism, piracy, organised crime, illegal fishing, etc…The non-definition of the IMO
4 Definition of maritime security for EU maritime transport Regulation (EC) n° 725/2004 on enhancing ship & port facility security reads :”Maritime security means the combination of preventing measures intended to protect shipping and port facilities against threats of intentional unlawful acts.”
5 EU maritime transport security-related legislation 1. Regulation (EC) n° 725/2004: maritime & port facility security2. Port Security Directive EC n° 65/20053. Commission Regulation 324/2008: inspections4. Regulation (EC) 450/2008: Modernised Customs Code
6 EU Maritime Security legislation (1) Regulation (EC) n° 725/2004 of 31 March 2004Based on SOLAS chapter XI/2 and the ISPS Code, in force since 19/05/2004scope is limited to ships, companies and port facilitiesInternational maritime traffic covered since 01/07/2004« Class A » national maritime traffic since 01/07/2005Other national maritime traffic from 01/07/2007, dependent upon the result of a compulsory security risk analysis to be conducted by each Member StateMade mandatory some provisions of ISPS part BCreation of Community inspection regime, essential to ensure consistencyCreation of an EU Maritime Security Committee
7 EU Maritime Security legislation (2) Directive 2005/65/EC of 26 October 2005 on enhancing port securityBased on the IMO/ILO code of practices for Port SecurityThreat not limited to the ship-port interface but also includes ports as a whole;Applies to any port with port facilities within scope of Regulation 725/2004;Complements ship and port facility security and expands into all security relevant port areas;Boundaries of the port to be defined on a case by case basis by the Member States
8 EU Maritime Security legislation (3) Directive 2005/65/EC on enhancing port security contd. Uses the same tools as Regulation 725/2004 (security assessment, security plan, three Security Levels, approval by Member States, plus appointment of a Port Security Authority);Minimum requirements for PSA, PSP, training and RSOs (detailed in the Annexes);Port security officer to be appointed;A port security committee may provide practical advice on security matters;Particular attention to be given to Ro-Ro vessels carrying passengers and vehicles.
9 Implementation Inspections to ensure implementation In general, Regulation 725 /2004 well implemented by Member StatesDifferences in national administrative practicesDifferent administrations for ships and portsFederal and decentralized structuresImplementation of Directive 2005/65/EC more challenging
10 Over 750 EU Commission inspections since 2005 LEGENDC- CompaniesRSO- Recognized Security OrganizationsDIR- portsNA- National AdministrationsPF- Port Facilities
11 EU trends in Port Security Assessments (PSA) carried out and Port Security Plans (PSP) adopted, (as of 02/06/2014)
12 Implementation - Follow-up Nr of Ports23 Member StatesSituationJanuary201020122014SeptemberPSAPSPUp to30 Ports14 MS: 222 ports54%29%85%68%99%97%99.5%More than9 MS: 861 ports19%14%81%40%93%73%95%91.1%1083 EUPorts32%82%47%94%78%95.9%92.6%11/09/2014
13 To conclude…..Much progress in ten years – but still plenty of scope to do morePort Security measures require a high level of vigilance from Member States authorities.Commission's MARSEC Inspection programme will continue with due vigilance.