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Forms of Business Organization in the United States.

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Presentation on theme: "Forms of Business Organization in the United States."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forms of Business Organization in the United States

2 Principal forms  Sole proprietorship  Partnership  Corporation

3 Sole proprietorship  Also called individual ownership – a business owned by one person (arestaurant, a retain store, a farm etc.)  The owner has unlimited control over the business and enjoys all the profits  The owner also has unlimited personal responsibility for the losses and debts

4 Sole proprietorship - advantages  The simplest way to set up a business – low start-up costs  Less administrative paperwork  Owner in direct control of decision making  Minimal working capital required  All profits to the owner

5 Disadvantages  Owner fully responsible for all debts and obligations related to his or her business  Creditor would normally have a right against all of his or her assets, business or personal (unlimited liability)  Difificult to raise capital  Lack of continuity in business organization in the absence of the owner

6 Partnership  A partnership is an agreement in which two or more persons combine their resources with a view to making a profit  A partnership agreement should be drawn up

7 General partnership  All members share the management of the business  Each member is personally liable for all the debts and obligations of the business  Each partner must assume the consequences of the action of other partner(s)

8 Limited partnership  Some members are general partners who control and manage the business and may be entitled to a greater share of the profits  Other partners are limited and contribute only capital, take no part in management and are liable for debts to a specified extent only  A legal document, setting out specific requirements, must be drawn up

9 Partnership - advantages  Ease of formation  Low start-up costs  Additional sources of investment  Broader management base

10 Partnership - disadvantages  Unlimited liability for general partners  Lack of continuity  Capital divided authority  Possible conflicts between partners

11 Corporation - definitions  A legal entity that is separate from its owners, shareholders  An artificial person created under law and empowered to achieve a specific purpose  An organization formed with the state governmental approval to act as an artificial person to carry on business (or other activities) for profit

12 Types of corporations  Private business corporations – the Articles of Corporation  Non-profit corporations (for religious, educationsal, charitable purposes)  Public corporations (formed by governments for public purposes)  Close corporations (a few shareholders with a working or familial connections permitted to operate informally)

13 The Articles of Incorporation  The document that sets out the rules for running the company’s internal affairs  Includes the names of the incorporators (the responsible parties), the amount of stock it will be authorized to issue and its purpose  Determines the rights asnd obligations of members and directors  Shareholders elect a board of directors

14 Corporation - advantages  Perpetual life (succession) – continuous existence  Limited liability (shareholders protected from personal claims)  Access to capital – easier to raise capital  Transferability of shares (or of ownership) – shares can be bought, sold, exchanged or given  Professional, specialized management

15 Disadvantages  Closely regulated  The most expensive form to organize  Extensive record keeping necessary  Higher taxation (double taxation of dividens, larger business tax rates)

16 Corporations in the USA  Out of all business organization forms, corporations amount only to 20 percent  They do 80 percent of the busines in the country

17 Vocabulary  Sole proprietorship – pojedinačno vlasništvo  Creditor - vjerovnik  Retail store – dućan s maloprodajom  Artificial person – pravna osoba  Limited liability – ograničena odgovornost  Transferability of shares – prenosivost dionica

18 Complete the following:  The sole proprietor has ________ control over the business.  In a partnership, profits and losses are shared ________ unless otherwise agreed.  One of the attributes of a corporation is _______ liability.

19 Translate the following:  Each business form has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is selected by people contemplating the formation of a business from the standpoint of financial responsibility, control of operation, possibilities of growth and expansion, and the possibilities of capitalization and financial development.

20 Thank you for your attention!

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