3 Money Management Skills Chapter ObjectivesIdentify the main components of wise money managementCreate a personal balance sheet and cash flow statementDevelop and implement a personal budgetConnect money management activities with saving for personal financial goals
4 Objective 1: Identify the main components of wise money management Daily spending and saving decisions are at the center of financial planning.Decisions must be coordinated with your needs, goals, and personal situations.Money management means the day-to-day financial activities necessary to manage personal economic resources, while working toward long-term financial security.
5 Components of Money Management Storing and maintaining personal financial records and documents.Creating personal financial statements (balance sheets and cash flow statements of income and outflow).Creatingandimplementinga plan forspending, and saving (budgeting).
6 A System for Personal Financial Records Organized system of financial records provides a basis for:Handling daily business affairs, including payment of bills on time.Planning and measuring financial progress.Completing required tax reports.Making effective investment decisions.Determining available resources for current and future buying.
7 What to Keep in Your Home File Items you refer to often.Personal and employment records.Money management records.Tax records.Financial services records.Credit records.Consumer purchase and auto records.Housing records.Insurance records.Investment records.Estate planning and retirement records.
8 What to Keep in a Safe Deposit Box Safe deposit box is for records and items that would be hard to replace.Birth, marriage and death certificates.Citizenship and military papers.Adoption and custody papers.Serial numbers and photos of valuables.CDs and credit and banking account numbers.Mortgage papers and titles.List of insurance policy numbers.Stock and bond certificates.Coins and other collectibles.Copy of will.
9 Records on Personal Computer Home computer.Current and past budgets.Summary of checks written and other banking transactions.Past income tax returns prepared with tax preparation software.Account summaries and performance results of investments.Computerized versions of wills, estate plans, and other documents.
10 How Long to Keep Records Birth certificates, wills, and Social Security information should be kept indefinitely.Keep records on personal property and investments as long as you own them.Keep documents related to the purchase and sale of real estate indefinitely.Copies of tax returns and supporting data should be kept six years.
11 Objective 2: Create a personal balance sheet and cash flow statements Benefits of these statementsReport your current financial position in relation to the value of the items you own and the amounts you owe.Measure your progress toward your financial goals.Maintain information on your financial activities.Provide information you can use when preparing tax forms or applying for credit.
12 Balance Sheet: The starting point A financial statement that reports what an individual or a family owns and owes; also called a net worth statement or statement of financial position
13 Components of a Balance Sheet Step 1 – List items of valueLiquid assets.Real estate.Personal possessions.Investment assets.Step 2 –Determine what you oweCurrent liabilities (< 1 year).Long term liabilities.Step 3-Compute your net worth.Assets minus liabilities=Net WorthInsolvent means liabilities far exceed available assets.
14 Components of a Balance Sheet contd.. Ways to Increase Net WorthIncrease your savingsIncrease the value of your investments and other possessionsReduce amount owed
15 Components of a Cash Flow Statement: Inflows and Outflows Cash flow statement is also called a personal income and expenditure statementStep 1-Record IncomeNet income from employment (Net Pay)Savings and investment income.Other sources.Step 2-Record cash outflows.Fixed and variable expensesStep 3-Determine Net Cash FlowUse this statement as a basis for creating a spending, saving and investment plan.
16 Objective 3: Develop and implement a Personal Budget Budget: is a plan for spending in the future, such as for the next month. A budget helps you…Live within your income.Spend your money wisely.Reach your financial goals.Prepare for financial emergencies.Develop wise financial management habits.
17 7 Steps in the Budgeting Process 1 Set financial goals.2 Estimate income from all sources.3 Budget an Emergency Fund and Savings.4 Budget Fixed Expense.
18 7 Steps in the Budgeting Process (continued)Budget Variable Expenses.Record Spending AmountsReview Spending and Saving PatternsReview your financial progressRevise your goals and budget allocationsCharacteristics of successful budgets areWell plannedRealisticFlexibleClearly communicated
19 Objective 4: Connect money management activities with savings for personal financial goals Financial Statements and Budget allow you to achieve your financial goals withBalance Sheet: telling you where you are nowCash Flow Statement: telling you what you received and spent over the past monthBudget: How to plan, spend and save to achieve financial goals
20 Changes in Net Worth result from cash inflows and outflows. Objective 4: Connect money management activities with savings for personal financial goals contd….Changes in Net Worth result from cash inflows and outflows.Outflows>InflowsDraw from savings or borrowLower assets or higher liabilitiesInflows>OutflowsPut money into savings or pay off debtsHigher net worth
21 Selecting a Saving Technique Write a check each payday and deposit in a savings accountUse payroll deduction to deposit a certain amount in savingsSave coins or spend less on certain items
22 Calculating Savings Amount To achieve financial objectivesConvert savings objectives into specific amountsUse your savings and investments plans to grow your moneyUse time value of money to calculate progress toward financial goals