Presentation on theme: "ABSTRACT E-POSTER TITLE:- IMAGING SERIES OF CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES OF KIDNEYS AND URINARY TRACT. AUTHOR LIST:- DR.S.PRIYADARSHINI, Final Year Post-graduate,"— Presentation transcript:
ABSTRACT E-POSTER TITLE:- IMAGING SERIES OF CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES OF KIDNEYS AND URINARY TRACT. AUTHOR LIST:- DR.S.PRIYADARSHINI, Final Year Post-graduate, M.D.Radio-Daiagnosis, DR.P.R.RATHNA PRIYA, Final Year Post-graduate, M.D.Radio-Daiagnosis, DR. SARAVANAN.K.C, Prof & H.O.D, DR.S.VINAYAGAM, Prof & Medical Superintendent, DR.BULABAI KARPAGAM, Asso. Prof. INSTITUITION:- DEPT. OF RADIO-DIAGNOSIS, SRM MCH & RI, KATTANKULATHUR, CHENNAI - 603203
INTRODUCTION:- Congenital abnormalities of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are variable, occur in 1 of 500 newborns; predisposing to development of hypertension, cardiovascular disease and end-stage renal failure. It can affect the kidney(s) alone and/or the lower urinary tract. Radiological investigation is essential for early diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS:- In our study, patients referred to Department of Radio-Diagnosis, SRM MCH & RI from APRIL 2013 – OCTOBER 2014 as suspected congenital abnormality of the kidneys / urinary tract, were evaluated with various imaging modalities. Patients were followed up for maximum 6 months.
RESULTS During this period, 15 cases of various Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and/ or urinary tract were seen in our department. Out of which there were cases of Horse-shoe kidney, cases of ectopic kidney, one case of unilateral renal agenesis, Supernumerary kidney case which is extremely rare, one case in congenital megaureter, Duplex collecting system, Ectopic ureterocele with double moiety ureter, cystocele and 2 cases of PUJ obstruction. CONCLUSION:- Congenital abnormalities of the kidneys and urinary tract are common in children. They are a significant cause of morbidity in infancy. Many morphological renal changes can be evaluated by imaging studies. Imaging is essential in diagnosis of congenital abnormalities, offering a better guidance in clinical and therapeutic decision making process, additionally as a relevant tool for identifying associated complications.