Presentation on theme: "Ch. 11: Modern Feminism and American Society,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 11: Modern Feminism and American Society, 1965-1980 History 37Summer, 2014
2 Questions to Consider: How did the civil rights movement contribute to the women’s movement in the early to mid 1960s?What was “women’s liberation” and what factors/events contributed to its emergence?What is “liberal feminism”?Has the definition of “feminism” changed since the 1960s?How did women of varying races, classes, and religions participate in the women’s movement?
3 Legacies of the Civil Rights Movement Equal Pay Act of 1963Civil Rights Act, 1964 (includes Voting Rights Act of 1965)The “Great Society” – LBJ’s social programs to end discrimination and povertyCivil Rights Act, 1968Political attention to racial discrimination overshadowed many gender-specific employment and/housing issues.
4 Social, Cultural, Political Trends and Movements in the 1960s Students for a Democratic Society, founded 1962The Sexual RevolutionCounterculture (Timothy Leary pictured at right)HippiesModsCommunesAnti-War Movement (mid to late 1960s)
5 National Organization for Women (NOW) Founded in 1966 by activists unsatisfied with the EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) and enforcement of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.Modeled after the NAACP, NOW promoted ideology of “liberal feminism”Focus on economic and political rights soon expanded to reproductive freedom and other social justice issues, including the ERA
6 Second Wave Feminism, 1960s - 1980 First “wave” refers to women’s activism for suffrage rights in the early twentieth centuryAlso called “Women’s Liberation” or the “feminist movement”Global movement, focused on issues including but not limited to: reproductive rights, rape and sexual violence, female genital mutilation (FGM).
7 Divisive Issues within the Women’s Movement, 1960-1980 Work, Education, and MotherhoodTitle IX funding, 1972Reproductive Rights (BC and Abortion)Griswold vs. Connecticut (1965)Roe vs. Wade legalizes abortion in 1973Issues between white and non-white feministsBlack PowerChicana MovementLesbianism and feminismLesbian separatismDisagreements over what true “feminism” meansThe Equal Rights AmendmentPhyllis Schlafly and the “Stop the ERA” campaign (pictured at right)
8 When Abortion Was Illegal: Untold Stories (28 minutes)