3 Role of Result-based Monitoring in Result-based Management (RBM) Setting goals and objectivesReporting to ParliamentRBM of projects, programs and policiesReporting to donorsAllocating resourcesOther?
4 Results-Based Monitoring Results-based monitoring (what we call “monitoring”) is a continuous process of collecting and analyzing information to compare how well a project, program, or policy is being implemented against expected results
5 Results-Based Evaluation Results-based evaluation is an assessment of a planned, ongoing, or completed intervention to determine its relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability
6 Difference between Results-based Monitoring and Evaluation Monitoring is focused on tracking evidence of movement towards the achievement of specific, predetermined targetsEvaluation takes a broader view of an intervention, considering not only progress toward stated goals, but the logic of the initiative, as well as its consequencesBoth are needed to be able to better manage policies, programs, and projects
7 Result-based Monitoring Vs. Traditional Monitoring Approaches Traditional monitoring involves only tracking inputs ($$, resources, strategies), activities (what actually took place) and outputs (the products or services produced)This approach focuses on monitoring how well a project, program or policy is being implementedTraditional monitoring focuses on implementation monitoringOften used to assess compliance with workplans and budget
8 Result-based Monitoring Vs. Traditional Monitoring Approaches (Cont) The Performance-based M&E combines both, the traditional approach of monitoring implementation with the assessment of performance and results (Mayne & Zapico-Goni, 1997).It is this linking of both implementation progress with progress in achieving the desired objectives or goals of government policies and programs that make PM&E most useful as a tool for public management (Binnendijk 1999).Performance-based monitoring involves the regular collection of information on actual resultsPerformance-based monitoring demonstrates whether a project, program, or policy is achieving its stated goals
9 Linking goals and results The Result ChainLinking goals and resultsActivities lead to outputs;Outputs lead to the outcomes;Outcomes fulfill the purpose andlead to impact;Impact will lead to the goal.
10 Key Types of Monitoring ImpactResultsResults MonitoringOutcomeOutputImplementationActivityImplementation Monitoring (Means and Strategies)Input
11 Implementation Monitoring Links to Results Monitoring Outcome/Impact GoalMeans and Strategies (Multi-Year and Annual Work Plans)Target 1Target 2Means and Strategies (Multi-Year and Annual Work Plans)Target 3Means and Strategies (Multi-Year and Annual Work Plans)
12 Results-based Monitoring Example: MDG ImpactResultsPolicyPerformanceReduce mortality rates for childrenunder 5 years oldOutcomeImproved Use of ORT for managingchildhood diarrheaIntermediateOutcomeIncreased maternal knowledge ofORT services-Increased access to ORT servicesImplementationOrganizationalPerformanceOutput-15 media campaigns completed-100 health professional trained inORTActivity-Launch media campaign toeducation mothers-Train health professionals in ORTInput-Trainers-ORT Supplies-Funds
13 Linking Performance Targets for Results Monitoring Continuous Commitment and Support