Presentation on theme: "A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions Writing from Notes AssignmentComparative Religions
2 TN SPIRecognize the world’s major religions and their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad)
3 Judaism - Christianity - Islam Writing AssignmentYou will take detailed notes on this presentation today.Using your notes, you will write an AP level Comparison essay off the following prompt:Compare the history and beliefs of two of the following religions:Judaism Christianity Islam
4 ImportantI can not spend an hour on each slide. Note only the most important information you will use tomorrow on your essay.Write fast. Write the main point only. Abbreviate.When I click through, I can not go back.
5 Which is the oldest of these three monotheistic religions? Date and Place founded:Judaism – approximately 1300 B.C. around modern day IsraelSome say the date is unknownAncient CanaanChristianity – approximately A.D. 33 around modern day IsraelAncient Roman province of JudaeaIslam – A.D. 622 in modern day Saudi ArabiaMecca and MedinaWhich is the oldest of these three monotheistic religions?
6 Founders and Early Leaders Judaism – Abraham and MosesChristianity – JesusIslam - Muhammad
8 House of Worship Judaism – synagogue or temple Christianity – church, cathedral, chapelIslam – mosqueDay of WorshipJudaism – SaturdayChristianity – SundayIslam - Friday
9 Original Language Names of God Judaism – Hebrew Christianity – Aramaic and GreekIslam – ArabicNames of GodJudaism – Yahweh and ElohimChristianity – God, the TrinityIslam - Allah
10 Major Locations TODAY Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America Christianity – Europe, North and South AmericaIslam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia
11 Early Expansion Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to Israel Christianity – by the end of the 4th century Christianity spread across the entire Roman EmpireIslam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast Asia
12 Current Worldwide Followers TODAY Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12th)Christianity – 2 billion (ranks 1st)Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd)In the USAJudaism – 5.6 millionChristianity – 159 millionIslam – 1.1 million
13 Sacred Texts Judaism – Hebrew Bible Christianity – Old Testament and New TestamentIslam – Qur’an (Koran)
14 Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism) Judaism – One GodChristianity – One God expressed in a Trinity (God the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit)Islam – One God
15 Divine Revelation How do we know about God? Judaism – through prophets recorded in the Hebrew BibleChristianity – through prophets and Jesus as recorded in the Old and New TestamentIslam – through God’s final prophet Muhammad recorded in the Qur’an
16 What is the name of the prophet of Islam? مُحَمَّد
18 Identity of Jesus Judaism – False prophet Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, SaviorIslam – prophet of Allah (God)
19 Which of the three monotheistic religions believes that Jesus is the Son of God?
20 Death of Jesus Judaism – death by Crucifixion Christianity – death by CrucifixionIslam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a disciple took his place)
21 Resurrection of Jesus Judaism – Denied Christianity – Affirmed Islam – Denied; since he did not die
22 Means of Salvation Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by faith “accept Christ as Savior” (Protestants)Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and follow Five Pillars of Faith
23 Afterlife Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife Christianity – eternal heavenIslam – eternal paradiseorJudaism - eternal hell, or no afterlifeChristianity – eternal hellIslam – eternal hell
24 Symbols Judaism – Star of David Christianity – cross, crucifix Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic
25 View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism.”Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam has elements of truth (ie. belief in one God) but is a false religion.”Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only partial revelation.”
26 Writing AssignmentTomorrow, using ONLY YOUR notes, you will write a brief essay (5 paragraph) describing the origins, history and beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam.Your essay will be graded as a test.
27 Judaism - Christianity - Islam Writing AssignmentUsing your notes, write an AP level Comparison essay off the following prompt:Compare the history and beliefs of two of the following religions:Judaism Christianity IslamPre-write time.Essay tomorrow. Being absent won’t help. Graded as a test. Does everybody have the rubric?
28 Women in Islam Read the Changing Status of Women section on page 272. Write down 3 positive examples of women’s roles in Islamic society and 3 negative examples based on the reading.Turn to the students around you and exchange your work. Read your peer’s work and critique it, writing down your critique on their paper. Give it back when finished.