Presentation on theme: "The Beginnings of Industrialization"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Beginnings of Industrialization Chapter 25, Section 1
2 Before the Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution – the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the mid – 1700’s.Before the Industrial Revolution, people wove textiles by hand
3 Before Industrialization – Agricultural Revolution New Techniques in Agriculture paved the way for the IR.Jethro Tull’s seed drill
4 EnclosureWealthy landowners enclosed their massive plots of land with fence or hedges.They could cultivate larger fields.Landowners experimented with more productive seeding and harvesting methods to boost crop yieldsJethro Tull – THE SEED DRILL
5 Crop Rotation Improvement on the three-field system System of growing a different crop each year to preserve the fertility of the land
6 Improvements in Livestock Improved methods of breeding led to larger animals.Between 1700 and the average weight for lambs climbed from 18 – 50 pounds.
7 Effects of the Agricultural Rev. Food Supplies Increased Living Conditions Improved More Food + Better Living Conditions = Larger Population Larger Population = increased demand for food and goods like cloth Poor farmers lost their land and became factory workers
8 Why Did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?
13 Water power and coal for the new machines 1. Natural ResourcesWater power and coal for the new machinesIron ore to construct machines, tools and buildingRivers for transportationHarbors for trade
14 Investments in new inventions 2. Expanding EconomyInvestments in new inventionsHighly developed banking system that encouraged bank loans to invest in new machineryGrowing overseas trade
15 3. Political Stability in Britain No wars occurred ON British soil in the 1700’s.Parliament passed laws to encourage and protect business
16 In ConclusionBritain had all of the FACTORS OF PRODUCTION necessary for an Industrial RevolutionFactors of Production – the resources needed to produce goods and services that the IR required. Land, labor and capital (wealth).