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Student Booklet Name: ___________________________

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1 Student Booklet Name: ___________________________
UNIT ONE Student Booklet Name: ___________________________

2 Sign Space and Dominance
The ASL Sign Space is approximately from waist to the top of the head. Dominance – Which Hand Do You Use. Use the hand you write with in a one-handed sign. This is your dominant hand. Ambidextrous? Choose one hand and stick with it.

3 FACIAL EXPRESSION More important than anything else in sign language is facial expression. Without facial expression, your “voice” is M-O-N-O-T-O-N-E Signers need to see your facial expression to know if you’re asking a question or making a statement. Hearing people might feel embarrassed at first. Don’t! You’re safe in here. No laughing at others allowed! Go ahead! Leave your inhibitions outside the door.

4 Precision and the Five Parameters
Signs have five parts: Handshape I……………………...vs. …………….MY Palm Orientation NAME …… vs. …………….CHAIR Location MOTHER …………....vs. ……………FATHER Movement SNOW……………..…vs. ……………RAIN Non-Manual Signals (facial expression) I UNDERSTAND ……vs. …………...I DON’T UNDERSTAND

5 IS ASL ENGLISH??? NO WAY! ASL has a completely different grammatical structure. For example: there is no word “BE” (or AM, ARE, IS) in ASL. ASL is NOT hand signals in English word order.

6 EYE CONTACT This is one of the most important parts of ASL.
You should watch and maintain eye contact. That means you look at the EYES more than the hands. Trust me and trust yourself. You can see the hands while you look at the eyes. In Deaf Culture (the Deaf World) looking away is rude. Watch me! Here’s how you sign EYE CONTACT

7 Greetings and Responses
Master ASL Unit 1 Greetings and Responses


9 Greetings (pg. 4) Most commonly used greetings among the Hearing and the Deaf Hi, hello What’s Up How are you?


11 Deixis (pronounced “dike – sis”) (pg. 6)
If a person or object is not visible, point to an empty space and continue signing. Using the index finger to point is called DEIXIS. I, me You He, she, it We, us They You (plural)


13 Class Practice English: They are busy. THEY BUSY THEY She is happy.


15 Introductions, Making Conversation, Signing Good-bye


17 Why do I point Twice?? Pg. 9 Pointing back to yourself or the person you’re talking about shows completion of train of thought. This allows somebody else to begin signing without interrupting you. Using Deixis at the end of a sentence is called closing signal. Remember to use a closing signal when: Making a statement or comment about yourself or somebody else. Asking a question

18 Eyes on ASL #2 pg. 9 Always use a closing signal to complete a signed sentence. An ASL sentence lacking a closing signal is incomplete. What is a closing signal? Using a Deixis at the end of the sentence.

19 Accent Step page. 12 When fingerspelling your complete name, you don’t have to sign LAST NAME between the first and last name. Just briefly pause and continue. Barry Darrell

20 Eyes on ASL #3 pg. 10 (DVD) There are no such thing as a one-word answer or reply in American Sign Language. When responding to a question or statement, one-word replies are incomplete.


22 Practice Sentences Pg. 9 & 11
English ASL - GLOSS What’s your name? My name Kelly Boyd. I want to introduce my friend. Her name is Lisa. YOU NAME WHAT YOU ME NAME K-E-L-L-Y B-O-Y-D ME ME WANT INTRODUCE MY FRIEND. SHE NAME L-I-S-A SHE

23 Deaf Culture Notes Pg .14 Read on page 14 about Interacting with Deaf People. Shoulder tap Hand wave Turn Off Voice


25 The Question Maker (pg. 15)
Raising your eyebrows forms the Question-Maker, an expression that shows your are asking a question. Keep the eyebrows raised until you’ve completed signing the question. Notice the difference the question maker makes to the example on page 15. Raise your eyebrows!

26 Accent Step (pg 17) When you use deixis, look towards the area you’re pointing to. This is called EYE GAZE and helps “hold” that location for the person or thing you’re signing about.


28 Accent Step (pg. 19) Don’t add the separate sign for you when signing see you later or see you tomorrow.

29 Saying Good-bye Pg. 19 English ASL - GLOSS I’m happy to have met you!
Me too! I’ll see you tomorrow. Yes, tomorrow morning. Take care! Good-bye ME HAPPY MEET YOU SAME-AS ME SEE TOMORROW YES TOMORROW MORNING TAKE CARE GOOD-BYE

30 Which sign would you use?

31 Facial Expressions Page



34 What I want to know… pg. 24 Read “What I Want to Know” on page 24
This will help you understand ASL Grammar

35 On a separate piece of paper explain the terms according to ASL rules:
Grammar: ______________________________________________________________________________________ Syntax: ______________________________________________________________________________________ Verb : ______________________________________________________________________________________ Object: ______________________________________________________________________________________

36 Non Manual Signals pg. 25 NMS – (Non Manual Signals) are the various parts to a sign that are not sign on the hand. ASL adverbs are made by the eyes and eyebrows. ASL adjectives use the mouth, tongue and lips. One important group of NMS is facial expressions.


38 Facial Expressions pg. 25 Convey your tone of “voice” while you sign.
Your facial expressions should match the meaning and content of what you’re signing so if you’re singing I am happy then look happy!  Changing the Facial Expression modifies the meaning of the sign, even if the sign itself doesn’t change Look at the example on Page 25

39 Think of learning facial expressions as a fun challenge!
Accent Step (pg 27) It is normal to feel awkward or uncomfortable making facial expressions at first, but with practice you will become more confident and skilled. Without them you can’t sign questions, show interest, or carry on a satisfying conversation. Think of learning facial expressions as a fun challenge!


41 Using NMS (pg 28) You have already begun using two important non-manual signals when you sign yes or no. These signs must be paired with two NMS called the head nod and the head shake. Use these non-manual signals when using yes or no or when you affirm or negate sentences. Gently nod or shake your head while signing your sentence instead wildly exaggerating your head movement. Look at the examples on page 28 to see how these NMS are used in ASL Sentences.

42 Accent Steps (pg 28) You don’t need a separate sign for don’t and not. Just use the head shake while signing the sentence.

43 Using NMS (pg 28) English ASL - GLOSS Yes, I am Mia. No, I’m not Deaf.
They aren’t sick. I didn’t go to the bathroom. Yes, I’m learning how to sign. YES I M-I-A I NO I DEAF I THEY NOT-SICK THEY I NOT-GO-TO BATHROOM I YES, I LEARN SIGN I

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