Presentation on theme: "Student Booklet Name: ___________________________"— Presentation transcript:
1 Student Booklet Name: ___________________________ UNIT ONEStudent BookletName: ___________________________
2 Sign Space and Dominance The ASL Sign Space is approximately from waist to the top of the head.Dominance – Which Hand Do You Use.Use the hand you write with in a one-handed sign.This is your dominant hand.Ambidextrous? Choose one hand and stick with it.
3 FACIAL EXPRESSIONMore important than anything else in sign language is facial expression.Without facial expression, your “voice” isM-O-N-O-T-O-N-ESigners need to see your facial expression to know if you’re asking a question or making a statement.Hearing people might feel embarrassed at first.Don’t! You’re safe in here. No laughingat others allowed! Go ahead! Leave yourinhibitions outside the door.
4 Precision and the Five Parameters Signs have five parts:HandshapeI……………………...vs. …………….MYPalm OrientationNAME …… vs. …………….CHAIRLocationMOTHER …………....vs. ……………FATHERMovementSNOW……………..…vs. ……………RAINNon-Manual Signals (facial expression)I UNDERSTAND ……vs. …………...I DON’T UNDERSTAND
5 IS ASL ENGLISH???NO WAY!ASL has a completely different grammatical structure.For example:there is no word “BE” (or AM, ARE, IS) in ASL.ASL is NOT hand signals in English word order.
6 EYE CONTACT This is one of the most important parts of ASL. You should watch and maintain eye contact.That means you look at the EYES more than the hands.Trust me and trust yourself. You can see the hands while you look at the eyes.In Deaf Culture (the Deaf World) looking away is rude.Watch me! Here’s how you signEYE CONTACT
7 Greetings and Responses Master ASL Unit 1GreetingsandResponses
11 Deixis (pronounced “dike – sis”) (pg. 6) If a person or object is not visible, point to an empty space and continue signing.Using the index finger to point is called DEIXIS.I, meYouHe, she, itWe, usTheyYou (plural)
13 Class Practice English: They are busy. THEY BUSY THEY She is happy. I am confused.We are happy.She’s good.I’m sleepy.ASL-GLOSS:THEY BUSY THEYSHE HAPPY SHEME CONFUSED MEWE HAPPY WESHE GOOD SHEME SLEEPY ME
17 Why do I point Twice?? Pg. 9Pointing back to yourself or the person you’re talking about shows completion of train of thought. This allows somebody else to begin signing without interrupting you.Using Deixis at the end of a sentence is called closing signal.Remember to use a closing signal when:Making a statement or comment about yourself or somebody else.Asking a question
18 Eyes on ASL #2 pg. 9Always use a closing signal to complete a signed sentence.An ASL sentence lacking a closing signal is incomplete.What is a closing signal?Using a Deixis at the end of the sentence.
19 Accent Step page. 12When fingerspelling your complete name, you don’t have to sign LAST NAME between the first and last name. Just briefly pause and continue. Barry Darrell
20 Eyes on ASL #3 pg. 10 (DVD)There are no such thing as a one-word answer or reply in American Sign Language.When responding to a question or statement, one-word replies are incomplete.
22 Practice Sentences Pg. 9 & 11 EnglishASL - GLOSSWhat’s your name?My name Kelly Boyd.I want to introduce my friend.Her name is Lisa.YOU NAME WHAT YOUME NAME K-E-L-L-YB-O-Y-D MEME WANT INTRODUCE MY FRIEND.SHE NAME L-I-S-A SHE
23 Deaf Culture Notes Pg .14Read on page 14 about Interacting with Deaf People.Shoulder tapHand waveTurn Off Voice
25 The Question Maker (pg. 15) Raising your eyebrows forms the Question-Maker, an expression that shows your are asking a question.Keep the eyebrows raised until you’ve completed signing the question.Notice the difference the question maker makes to the example on page 15.Raise your eyebrows!
26 Accent Step (pg 17)When you use deixis, look towards the area you’re pointing to. This is called EYE GAZE and helps “hold” that location for the person or thing you’re signing about.
28 Accent Step (pg. 19)Don’t add the separate sign for you when signing see you later or see you tomorrow.
29 Saying Good-bye Pg. 19 English ASL - GLOSS I’m happy to have met you! Me too! I’ll see you tomorrow.Yes, tomorrow morning. Take care!Good-byeME HAPPY MEET YOUSAME-AS ME SEE TOMORROWYES TOMORROW MORNING TAKE CAREGOOD-BYE
34 What I want to know… pg. 24 Read “What I Want to Know” on page 24 This will help you understand ASL Grammar
35 On a separate piece of paper explain the terms according to ASL rules: Grammar: ______________________________________________________________________________________Syntax: ______________________________________________________________________________________Verb : ______________________________________________________________________________________Object: ______________________________________________________________________________________
36 Non Manual Signals pg. 25NMS – (Non Manual Signals) are the various parts to a sign that are not sign on the hand.ASL adverbs are made by the eyes and eyebrows.ASL adjectives use the mouth, tongue and lips.One important group of NMS is facial expressions.
38 Facial Expressions pg. 25 Convey your tone of “voice” while you sign. Your facial expressions should match the meaning and content of what you’re signing so if you’re singing I am happy then look happy! Changing the Facial Expression modifies the meaning of the sign, even if the sign itself doesn’t changeLook at the example on Page 25
39 Think of learning facial expressions as a fun challenge! Accent Step (pg 27)It is normal to feel awkward or uncomfortable making facial expressions at first, but with practice you will become more confident and skilled. Without them you can’t sign questions, show interest, or carry on a satisfying conversation.Think of learning facial expressions as a fun challenge!
41 Using NMS (pg 28)You have already begun using two important non-manual signals when you sign yes or no. These signs must be paired with two NMS called the head nod and the head shake.Use these non-manual signals when using yes or no or when you affirm or negate sentences. Gently nod or shake your head while signing your sentence instead wildly exaggerating your head movement.Look at the examples on page 28 to see how these NMS are used in ASL Sentences.
42 Accent Steps (pg 28)You don’t need a separate sign for don’t and not. Just use the head shake while signing the sentence.
43 Using NMS (pg 28) English ASL - GLOSS Yes, I am Mia. No, I’m not Deaf. They aren’t sick.I didn’t go to the bathroom.Yes, I’m learning how to sign.YES I M-I-A INO I DEAF ITHEY NOT-SICK THEYI NOT-GO-TO BATHROOM IYES, I LEARN SIGN I