Presentation on theme: "Starter Task: What do you think the first cities looked like? DRAW or DESCRIBE. Extension Task: Why do you think people settled so closely to each other?"— Presentation transcript:
Starter Task: What do you think the first cities looked like? DRAW or DESCRIBE. Extension Task: Why do you think people settled so closely to each other?
Last class: Let’s go over the answers to the work you did! Let’s refresh our memories about rural settlement before we move on!
Population Settlement Patterns Population Distribution: the pattern of where people live in a region (local, provincial, national, international) There are 3 main types of settlement patterns!
Dispersed Settlement Spread out Agricultural areas Usually age and activity based
Concentrated Settlement Where people (resources, and economic opportunities are located) are focused on small areas Areas where resources support people People live close together Cities, villages, towns
Linear These develop where the most important economic reasons for settlement exist Arranged along a line Groups located along transportation routes (highway), water, mountains, boarders
Rural Settlement Patterns Occurs outside cities and towns Characterized by low population and dispersed population distribution pattern
Influences of Settlement FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE RURAL SETTLEMENT ›The kind of resources attracts people Ie. agriculture ›What were the transportation methods at the time? ›Before 1800: settlement based on transportation by water (rivers, lakes). ›After 1800= road and eventually rail. ›What role did government policy play in the settlement? ›Controlled which land would be settled, size, shape of farms, pattern of roads, location of towns, schools, churches. ›pattern of land division used in an area= SURVEY SYSTEM
Rural Settlement Characterized by low population and dispersed population distribution pattern 1The long lot system of southern Quebec 2The concession system of southern Ontario 3The section system of the Prairies
1. The long lot of southern Quebec INFLUENCES: Resource: agriculture Transportation: St. Lawrence River= boat Government Policy: Each settler receives a piece of land along waterfront. Long thin farms built along the river and stretched back long distances from the water.
2. Concession System of Southern Ontario INFLUENCES: Resources: rich agriculture Transportation: roads, railway, each settlement needed access to a road. Government policy: survey system land is divided equally by concessions roads -farms 40 to 80 ha in size. -Concession formed townships counties
3. Section system of the southern Prairies INFLUENCES: Resources: agriculture Transportation: roads, railway (access to water less important) Government policy: Didn’t want the U.S to have the land! The lots were too small; families needed large lots for a larger harvest. Land divided into blocks (9.6 km by 9.6 km) Each block was divided into 36 sections- each section was divided into four-quarter sections (64 ha)
Urban Settlement Patterns Learning Objective: To continue our exploration of Canada’s settlement patterns.
TASK 1 - Research teams Urban Settlement Includes cities and towns, very crowded, Lots of factories, shops/ malls, opportunities.
TASK 2 Brainstorm & come up with as many reasons as you can (at least 7)! Why would people move from rural to urban areas? Why would people move from urban to rural areas?
Why would people move from rural to urban areas? Shopping-malls, groceries, restaurants, entertainment and sports Closer to jobs...more jobs! More social; exciting More educational opportunities More clustered housing Closer proximity to family/friends Transportation (high ways, subways, ttc, buses) Emergency services are close by = everything is close together!!!!
Why would people move from urban to rural areas? More land-garden, farming Quieter Safer (less crime) More dispersed (homes, people) Less pollution; less traffic More appealing-nature Dont have to deal with your neighbours Land is cheaper! More privacy = everything is further apart!!!