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The belief that Allah is the one and only God and that Muhammad is his messenger To pray five times a day To give 2.5% of your wealth to charity each year.

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Presentation on theme: "The belief that Allah is the one and only God and that Muhammad is his messenger To pray five times a day To give 2.5% of your wealth to charity each year."— Presentation transcript:

1 The belief that Allah is the one and only God and that Muhammad is his messenger To pray five times a day To give 2.5% of your wealth to charity each year To not eat during daylight hours during the month of Ramadan To visit the city of Makkah once in their lifetime to see the Ka’ba shrine

2 Across 2. The Muslim holy book 4. the spiritual leader of Islam 6. The Muslim name for God. 8. A month of fasting known as Saum Down 1. Praying five times a day 3. A muslim's declaration of faith 4. Name given to a follower of Islam 5. A place to visit on the Hajj. 7. Donating money to charity. Q U R A N M U H A M M A D A L L A H R A M A D A N SLASLA SHSH H A D H U S I M E C CZ K A T

3 To understand the ritual and importance of prayer to Muslims

4 To thank Allah for their world and their lives To remind themselves about Allah throughout the day To help them keep to a good life and not do evil things http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/sal ah-muslim-prayer/3056.html

5 There are five obligatory prayers in a day. Each Salat must be offered at or during its proper time. The Muslim should make a serious effort to pray each prayer at the beginning of its period.

6 The mihrab tells you in which direction you must face Makkah The minaret is where Muslims are called to prayer 5 times a day

7 Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah. I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah Hasten to the Prayer, hasten to the Prayer. The muadhdhin will call all Muslims for prayer from the minaret in the mosque. This is called the adhan

8 B : I think that Muslims follow the Five Pillars of Islam because all Muslims are expected to do it and it says so in the Qur’an.. A : I think Muslims follow the Five Pillars of Islam because it would be seen by Allah as bad if you didn’t do it and you might not get to heaven. Some would be easy to do, others not so. C : I think that Muslims follow the Five Pillars of Islam because they see duty as being important in following a religion and it constantly reminds you about Allah and the teachings of Muhammad and the importance of being a Muslim, even though I would find something like this difficult to do in my own life.

9 …here you need to give as many reasons as you can to explain why prayer is important to a Muslim. Use the video notes and information sheet to help

10 Sunset Sunrise Fajr

11 To understand the ritual and importance of prayer to Muslims

12 can use RS to compare your identity with that of others. can recognise some of the main beliefs shared by some religions and explain how they affect believers. can compare your views about life and moral issues with those of others….including believers. can recognise some of the main practices shared by some religions and explain how they affect the lives of believers.

13 can compare the life and teachings of famous religious people with my own life and experiences can see reasons for people’s beliefs and comment on if you agree with them. can compare the moral views held by some people with those of your own. can see a reason for people’s religious practices and lifestyles even if I don’t agree with them. can understand how religious beliefs and ideas may be expressed in different ways.

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15 1. Wash your hands, front and back, up to and beyond the wrist three times, right hand first, then left. 2. Rinse your mouth three times, scooping the water up with your right hand. 3. Wash your nose three times by sniffing water up the nostrils and blowing it out. 4. Wash your face three times. 5. Wash each arm up to and beyond the elbow three times, right arm first and then the left. 6. Pass the wet palms of both hands over your head and back. Then rub the inside and outside of the ears with the thumbs and forefingers. 7. Wash your feet up to and beyond the ankle three times, right foot first and then the left. Make sure the water gets between the toes by using your fingers.

16 A rakah is a series of movements made during the prayer time http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/sal ah-muslim-prayer/3057.html

17 Task : Why is prayer important to Muslims? The reasons why Muslims pray five times a day are...... Muslims must wash (wudu) before every time they pray because.......(p54 New Steps 2) Muslims perform the actions of a rakah because..(p78 New Steps 1) The kinds of problems faced in the UK by Muslims today who want to pray regularly are...... The reasons why it is important for people to pray are..... (New Steps 1 page 72)

18 A rakah is a series of movements made during the prayer time http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/sal ah-more-information-on-prayer-in- islam/3058.html

19 http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/pra yer-in-the-mosque/3295.html

20 Task : Why is prayer important to Muslims? The reasons why Muslims pray five times a day are...... Muslims must wash (wudu) before every time they pray because.......(p54 New Steps 2) Muslims perform the actions of a rakah because..(p78 New Steps 1) The kinds of problems faced in the UK by Muslims today who want to pray regularly are...... The reasons why it is important for people to pray are..... (New Steps 1 page 72)

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