Presentation on theme: "Challenging Occupational Choice Theory – enabling students to take control of their destiny Mark Stow Head of Careers & Employability Rachal Lilley Student."— Presentation transcript:
Challenging Occupational Choice Theory – enabling students to take control of their destiny Mark Stow Head of Careers & Employability Rachal Lilley Student Employment Co-ordinator
What is Occupational Choice Theory? www.uolcareers.co.uk Origins in 1908 Theories developed to inform the Careers Guidance profession and practice. Academic studies of motivation, and a reasoned approach to ‘why we do what we do’. Differentiated Psychology/ Sociology. Internal/ External.
Psychological (1) www.uolcareers.co.uk Trait Factor: Main Theorists: Parsons (1908), Rogers (1952), Holland (1966) What is it?: a matching theory; personality as ‘best fit’ for work environment; ‘pegs and holes’ Critique: Jobs as static, jobs as stereotypes, employee’s as stereotypes, individuals as one dimensional.
Psychological (2) www.uolcareers.co.uk Self Concept - Developmental theories: Main Theorists: Ginzberg (1951); Super (1957) What is it?: ‘Life Stages’; chronological age vs vocational maturity Critique: lack of recognition of external influencers (economic and social), individuals development as rigid structure.
Sociological (1) www.uolcareers.co.uk Opportunity Structure: Main theorists: Roberts (1968) – home, environment, school, peer group What is it?: Social structure/ Social positioning, people are ‘chosen by work’ and ‘take what is available’…; centred on ‘Exposure’. Critique: No personal choice; social mobility?, individuals as ‘servicing (their) labour market’.
Sociological (2) www.uolcareers.co.uk Community Interaction/ Social Learning: Main theorists: Bandura (1986); Krumboltz (1994) What is it?: Relevance placed on direct and personal encounters with the ‘community’; Instrumental/ Associative interactions; Feedback, Modelling and influence Critique: lack of flexibility; individuals still defined by immediate surroundings; does recognise networking…
Flawed concepts www.uolcareers.co.uk All have influenced professional practice (and still do!) No single theory is comprehensive – people make decisions based on both internal and external factors. Labour Markets are not static Individuals are not predictable People cannot be categorised
Dawn of a new era: www.uolcareers.co.uk Planned Happenstance: Main Theorists: Mitchell, Levin, Krumboltz (1999) What is it?: Recognising the impact of chance happenings – ‘happenstance’; Recognises that individuals can ‘create’ chance occurrences Critique: More in line with what we need our students to embrace – creating their own future.
How to tackle the GLM www.uolcareers.co.uk The modern graduate jobs market: BC to AD… - B.C - E=Q - A.D - E=Q+WE+SxC Dr Paul Redmond, The Graduate Jobs Formula, 2010
Career Planning Timeline – Students as Producers… www.uolcareers.co.uk Timeline
Lincoln Award – embracing the Student as producer ethos www.uolcareers.co.uk
Student Led……. www.uolcareers.co.uk Complete at your own pace From Year 1 through to Graduation Fit around your studies, as and when you have the time Recognise experiences and employability related activities that you are already engaging in Enhance your employability through skills development Gain a recognised award for your achievements Participate in activities and meet new people outside of your peer group
Produce your own Lincoln Award www.uolcareers.co.uk The Lincoln Award is individual to each and every student You can mix and match criteria, extra-curricular activities, workshops and optional units Ensuring that it is the best fit for you and the skills you want to enhance and consolidate Enhance your employability by using the Lincoln Award to start your Career Planning Timeline
Explore & Evidence www.uolcareers.co.uk Proactively get involved, developing your employability skills : CV Workshops Careers Fairs Employer Presentations Work Experience/Volunteering Sign Language Courses First Aid Courses Self Awareness: What are your Skills, Strengths & Weaknesses: Pathway Appointment – Rate yourself against the top 10 skills and competencies looked for in graduate employees.
www.uolcareers.co.uk Networking: gain contacts through work experience, placements, volunteering, academic & alumni events. Enhance Interview Skills: Get 1-2-1 interview coaching as part of the integral Careers Coaching appointments through the Lincoln Award Work Experience: Gain valuable transferable skills and competencies through part time work, work experience, volunteering & placements. Which will all be recognised by the award.
Standing Out…….Moving Forward www.uolcareers.co.uk Making an application for a job and/or postgraduate study: Have examples from a wide variety of situations ( work experience, volunteering, networking, studies, group projects, workshops…) To evidence your skills and competencies against essential criteria. Attend Interviews and assessment centres: The opportunity to attend a mock interview with real employers (Siemens, Lincolnshire Co-op, Enterprise, Emphasis on skills, Cummins Engineering) and receive written feedback