Presentation on theme: "Alleviating Food Shortages IB Geography II. Objective By the end of this lesson, students will be able to evaluate the relative importance of technological."— Presentation transcript:
Objective By the end of this lesson, students will be able to evaluate the relative importance of technological and socio-economic solutions to alleviating food shortages.
Bell Ringer For each of the statistics on the next slide, answer the following in your notebooks: – What is you immediate reaction to this data? – Is there a solution to this problem? What would you suggest?
#1 In 2009, the number of chronically hungry had surpassed 1 billion for the first time in history. This statistic shows that the world is very far from achieving the Millennium Development Goal for reducing malnourishment.
Elbow Partner Pair Share Discuss each of the 5 data points with your partner, with the purpose of discussing these guiding questions: – What is you immediate reaction to this data? – Is there a solution to this problem? What would you suggest?
As we go through the following solutions to food insecurity make a table in your notebook like this: SolutionPositive ImpactsPotential Drawbacks GM Crops Expanding Irrigation Seeds and Fertilizers Sustainable Practices Agricultural Investment Food Aid Improved Infrastructure Trade Reform Fair Trade
Agricultural Investment Experts believe yields in Africa can be increased with help. 40% of Asian agriculture is irrigated, only 4% in Africa Average Asian farmer uses 110 kgs of fertilizer a year. In Africa only 4 kgs. At least 1/3 of crops in Africa are last after the harvest because farmers cannot get them to the markets in time.
Food Aid The World Food Programme can only reach 80 million of the 800 million more chronically hungry people in the world. Food Aid can alleviate emergency famine situations, but it is not a long-term solution: why?
Improved Infrastructure Improving roads, railway, electricity, and water supply
Trade Reform Free trade, lowering farm subsidies in the US and undoing protectionism (like CAP in the EU) could help poor farmers in the long term.
Fair Trade Ethical trade is trade that attempts to be socially, economically, and environmentally responsible. It is trade where the company takes responsibility for the wider impact of their business. Fair trade helps farmers get fairer prices for their products as well.