Presentation on theme: "Domenico Ciaccia, Andrea Morreale, Edoardo Pizzoli Micro Versus Macro Approach on Agricultural Income Measurements for Rural Households in Italian Official."— Presentation transcript:
Domenico Ciaccia, Andrea Morreale, Edoardo Pizzoli Micro Versus Macro Approach on Agricultural Income Measurements for Rural Households in Italian Official Statistics: an Application for Albania. Rome, 11 june 2009
Developments in agricultural households' income statistics of EU 1985: Early EU studies and related statistics on agricultural households income 1988: Project approved by the Committee of agricultural statistics of European Commission, directed by Berkeley Hill 1998: Further systematization of Istat approach 2004: Action Tapas 2002 in Istat financed by Eurostat Rome, 11 june 2009
The state of art at European and international level Several studies in Europe (1988 - 2000): reports by Eurostat International seminar of Eurostat (1996) OECD commitment on agricultural income measurement. Followed by Unece, World Bank and Fao IAHS series update: from both micro and macro sources. Suspended by Eurostat Project "Feasibility study on the achievement of the European Statistics on Income of agricultural households Rome, 11 june 2009
Agricultural households' income in Italian national accounts by Istat Until early 2004: the Central Directorate of National Accounts in Istat has regularly sent to Eurostat agricultural households income statistics (years 1984 – 2001) Complete estimates are available for type A and type B of agricultural households Households number of both types is constantly changing Rome, 11 june 2009
Agricultural households' income in Italian national accounts by Istat Households of type A are steadily declining, while those of type B are growing: Rome, 11 june 2009
Agricultural households' income in Italian national accounts by Istat Number of agricultural households in micro and macro approach: Rome, 11 june 2009 DescriptionYear N° households type "A " (thousands)199819992000 Micro approach391297294 Macro approach352330314 N° households type "B" (in thousands) Micro approach679511528 Macro approach440441450
Agricultural households' income in Italian national accounts by Istat Net disposable income by type of households, macro approach (1984 – 2001): Rome, 11 june 2009
Future of the two approaches: macro- and micro- economic The sample of households is in both cases not sufficient The sample should be recalibrated to provide valuable information at micro level, on agricultural and rural groups The micro approach must be better calibrated to highlight income differences of both types of households Rome, 11 june 2009
Italian experience in Albania Twinning project "Albanian Statistics towards the EU (2003 – 2005): construction of agricultural accounts for Albania (Istat) Country table of resources & uses, in values and in quantities: to improve the calculation of production account Prices and quantities produced of agricultural products: to calculate accounts at current and constant prices in line with EU-Eurostat standards Rome, 11 june 2009
Evolution of agricultural sector in Albania (2003 – 2005) Agriculture still important despite economic growth Up and down of prices and production Supply almost exclusively for domestic market Total agricultural' households income estimates (Year 2004), Composition (%): Rome, 11 june 2009
Conclusions In the near future: it is necessary to extend agricultural households income indicators at regional level (NUTS 2) by means of new data available There should be also more attention to type B of agricultural households, that is a vulnerable group and in constant growth Possible developments: priority given to agricultural households income statistics in Eurostat It is important to guide policies at territorial level What emerges from the evolution of households groups: poorest population is rural, although the gap with the urban one is steadily declining In short: the experience of Albania is an example of application and exportability of Istat methodology in other realities even if with a limited availability of data Rome, 11 june 2009
References Barberis, C. (1981) Povertà e distribuzione dei redditi nelle campagne italiane. In Barberis et al. La povertà del mondo rurale in Italia. Franco Angeli. Ciaccia, D. (1996) Il nuovo SEC e il settore Agricoltura, paragraph 4.3, Annali di statistica - verso il nuovo sistema di Contabilità nazionale, Istat. EURISPES (2003) La povertà in agricoltura. Una mappa del rischio e del disagio rurale in Italia. EUROSTAT (1988a) Revenu global des mènages agricoles, thème 5, Sèrie D, B. Hill. EUROSTAT (1988b) Revenu agricole 1987: analyse de lindice du revenu sectoriel, thème 5 sèrie D, Chapitre V (Revenu global disponible des mènages agricoles); EUROSTAT (1989) Manuel sur les comptes èconomiques pour lagriculture et la sylviculture, thème 5, Sèrie E; EUROSTAT (1995a) Système Europèen des Comptes: SEC 1995. EUROSTAT (1995b) Manuel du revenu global des menages agricoles (Rev.1), 10 Theme 5, agricolture Serie E metodes.
References EUROSTAT (2000), Incomes of Agricultural Sector Households, Luxembourg. ISTAT (1990-2008) Valore aggiunto dellagricoltura per regione, Collana dinformazione, n. 15. ISTAT (1985) I consumi delle famiglie. Anno 1984 - Supplemento Bollettino mensile di statistica, n. 16. ISTAT (1995) Occupazione e redditi da lavoro dipendente. Anni 1980-1994, in Collana dinformazione, n. 19. ISTAT (1998) Il Reddito delle Famiglie Agricole, Argomenti, n. 11. ISTAT-EUROSTAT (2004) Azione TAPAS 2002, by Ciaccia et al. Militello, A. (1987) Un confronto tra redditi dichiarati al fisco e redditi stimati dalla Contabilità Nazionale per gli anni 1981 e 1982, in Quaderni di discussione, n. 87, Istat.