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Historical Terms & Definitions.

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Presentation on theme: "Historical Terms & Definitions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Historical Terms & Definitions

2 Historical Terms and Definitions
Students will gain an understanding of the meaning of important historical terms. Students will learn the definitions of words that are key to understanding United States history. Students will comprehend how interpreting maps helps to clarify the meaning of many historical terms and concepts.

3 A 19th century American belief that it was the destiny of the United
1. Manifest Destiny A 19th century American belief that it was the destiny of the United States to expand its territory over the entire North American continent

4 where twelve mounds can be found on the 150 acre protected site
Photo by Glenda Sullivan 2. Spiro Mounds A prehistoric Native American archaeological site in Southeastern Oklahoma where twelve mounds can be found on the 150 acre protected site

5 3. Louisiana Purchase A land deal in 1803 between the United States & France in which the United States acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15,000,000

6 4. Nullification Crisis A situation that arose in 1832 during the presidency of Andrew Jackson when leaders of South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could “nullify” the law

7 Underground Railroad 5. A network of people who helped the
Underground Railroad A network of people who helped the escaped slaves on their way to freedom in the northern states or Canada

8 Abolitionist Movement
6. Abolitionist Movement A movement whose goal was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation

9 Sectionalism 7. The belief that one section or region of a
The belief that one section or region of a country is better than any other section of region of that country Example: North vs. South led to Civil War

10 8. Missouri Compromise An 1820 congressional agreement that regulated the extension of slavery in the United States--The territory of Missouri was admitted as a slave state. The territory of Maine was admitted as a free state. The boundaries of slavery were limited to the same latitude as the southern boundary of Missouri, 36º30´ N.

11 Ku Klux Klan 9. A secret society organized in the South after the Civil War advocating maintenance of white supremacy by violent methods

12 Jim Crow laws 10. State and local laws in the
United States enacted between 1876 and 1965 that mandated racial segregation in many public and private facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy Jim Crow laws /restrooms.jpg

13 11. Chinese Exclusion Act A federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur in 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers

14 Nativism 12. The policy of protecting the interests of native born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants

15 13. Industrialization The process by which a country transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services

16 14. Labor Movement A movement from in the United States to protect the common interests of workers and to get them better wages, reasonable hours, and safer working conditions--The movement was initiated by strikes that began because of wage cuts, new inventions of machinery, and the depersonalization of workers.

17 Progressive Movement 15. The demand for change or progress in an
The demand for change or progress in an effort to cure many of the ills of the American society that had developed during the great spurt of industrial growth in the last quarter of the 19th Century

18 16. Muckrakers A term coined during the Progressive Era based on a literary character who was so busy cleaning and raking up the muck and dirt that he didn’t see the good things that were above his head

19 Suffrage 17. The right to vote in political elections
Suffrage The right to vote in political elections Key on Women’s Suffrage Map—Green = No voting by women, Gold = Women voting in presidential elections, Red = Women voting in primaries, Purple = Complete voting rights for women

20 Temperance Movement 18. A movement led mostly by
women in the 19th & early 20th centuries to encourage moderation in the consumption of alcoholic beverages or to prohibit the use of alcohol completely

21 Democracy 19. A form of government in which people choose
leaders by voting

22 A social organization in which all economic & social activity is
controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single political party 20. Communism Photo by Glenda Sullivan

23 Historical Geography In summary, as we study historical geography, keep in mind the correlation between the two disciplines. For example, the historical term westward expansion is an example of one of the five themes of geography: Movement of goods, people and ideas from place to place.

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