2 Historical Terms and Definitions Students will gain an understanding of the meaning ofimportant historical terms.Students will learn the definitions of words that are keyto understanding United States history.Students will comprehend how interpreting maps helps to clarify the meaning of many historical terms and concepts.
3 A 19th century American belief that it was the destiny of the United 1.Manifest DestinyA 19th century American belief that it was the destiny of the UnitedStates to expand its territory over the entire North American continent
4 where twelve mounds can be found on the 150 acre protected site Photo by Glenda Sullivan2.Spiro MoundsA prehistoric Native American archaeological site in Southeastern Oklahomawhere twelve mounds can be found on the 150 acre protected site
5 3.LouisianaPurchaseA land deal in 1803 between the United States & France in whichthe United States acquired approximately 827,000 square miles ofland west of the Mississippi River for $15,000,000
6 4.Nullification CrisisA situation that arose in 1832 during the presidency of Andrew Jacksonwhen leaders of South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, advanced theidea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could “nullify”the law
7 Underground Railroad 5. A network of people who helped the UndergroundRailroadA network of peoplewho helped theescaped slaves ontheir way tofreedom in thenorthern states orCanada
8 Abolitionist Movement 6.Abolitionist MovementA movement whose goal was theimmediate emancipation of allslaves and the end of racialdiscrimination and segregation
9 Sectionalism 7. The belief that one section or region of a The belief that one section or region of acountry is better than any other section ofregion of that countryExample: North vs. South led to Civil War
10 8.Missouri CompromiseAn 1820 congressional agreement that regulated the extension of slavery inthe United States--The territory of Missouri was admitted as a slave state.The territory of Maine was admitted as a free state. The boundaries ofslavery were limited to the same latitude as the southern boundary ofMissouri, 36º30´ N.
11 Ku Klux Klan9.A secret society organized in the South after the Civil War advocatingmaintenance of white supremacy by violent methods
12 Jim Crow laws 10. State and local laws in the United States enacted between1876 and 1965 that mandatedracial segregation in many publicand private facilities in Southern states of the former ConfederacyJim Crow lawshttps://woodward8.wikispaces.com/file/view/restrooms.jpg/ /restrooms.jpg
13 11.Chinese Exclusion ActA federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur in 1882,prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers
14 Nativism12.The policy of protecting the interests of native born or establishedinhabitants against those of immigrants
15 13.IndustrializationThe process by which a country transforms itself from a primarilyagricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goodsand services
16 14.Labor MovementA movement from in the United States to protect the commoninterests of workers and to get them better wages, reasonable hours,and safer working conditions--The movement was initiated by strikes thatbegan because of wage cuts, new inventions of machinery, and thedepersonalization of workers.
17 Progressive Movement 15. The demand for change or progress in an The demand forchange orprogress in aneffort to curemany of theills of theAmericansociety that haddevelopedduring thegreat spurt ofindustrialgrowth in thelast quarter ofthe 19thCentury
18 16.MuckrakersA term coined during the Progressive Era based on a literary characterwho was so busy cleaning and raking up the muck and dirt that hedidn’t see the good things that were above his head
19 Suffrage 17. The right to vote in political elections SuffrageThe right to vote inpolitical electionsKey on Women’s Suffrage Map—Green = No voting by women, Gold = Women voting in presidential elections, Red = Women voting in primaries, Purple = Complete voting rights for women
20 Temperance Movement 18. A movement led mostly by women in the 19th & early20th centuries to encouragemoderation in the consumptionof alcoholic beverages orto prohibit the use of alcohol completely
21 Democracy 19. A form of government in which people choose leaders by voting
22 A social organization in which all economic & social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single political party20.CommunismPhoto by Glenda Sullivan
23 HistoricalGeographyIn summary, as we study historical geography, keep in mind thecorrelation between the two disciplines. For example, the historicalterm westward expansion is an example of one of the five themes ofgeography: Movement of goods, people and ideas from place to place.