2 PLACE/TIME PERIOD OF ORIGIN The exact place and time period that Hinduism was founded is not known. It is believed that Hinduism may have emerged somewhere near India, possibly 5,000 years ago (around 3,000 B.C.E).Because of this approximatedate of origin, Hinduism isconsidered the oldestorganized religion in theworld.
3 There is no 1 single holy book in Hinduism There is no 1 single holy book in Hinduism. Hindu holy books include the Vedas, Upanishads, and the Bhagavad Gita.
4 Monotheistic or Polytheistic? Although there are multiple gods in Hinduism, Hindus do not consider themselves polytheistic.All Hindus gods are seen as a manifestation of 1 all- powerful spirit known as Brahman.Brahma- Creator godShiva- Destroyer godVishnu- Preserver god
5 Why could you say that Hinduism is polytheistic, monotheistic religion? BRAHMANVishnuBrahmaShiva
6 Major Beliefs of Hinduism The ultimate goal of existence is to attain union with Brahman (the all-powerful universal spirit). This union with Brahman is known as Moksha.Hindus believe Moksha takes multiple lifetimes to attain.Hindus believe that after death a soul is reborn into a new body. This rebirth of the soul is known as reincarnation.Hindus believe that each person has specific moral and religious duties in life. These duties are known as dharma.
7 Hindus believe that how one acts upon their duties influences how close they are to moksha in their next life. These actions in life are known as karma.Hindus also believe they must live their lives according to a philosophy of nonviolence. This is known as ahimsa.The caste system, the pattern of rigid, hereditary, social classes in Hinduism, is no longer legal in India. Although many Hindus living in India still follow the guidelines of the caste system.
8 Basic Hindu Beliefs Moksha Brahman Brahmin (priests), CowsBrahmanPath is determined by karma, which is partially determined by dharmaKshatriyas (warriors)Varna or Caste (Caste system), Jati is a sub-casteVaisyas (farmers, merchants, artisans)Sudras (farm workers, laborers)Samsara = cycle of reincarnationAtman = selfSamsara or reincarnationatmanUntouchables
9 Essential QuestionWhat are the major Buddhist beliefs and how do those beliefs compare and contrast to Hinduism?
11 PLACE/TIME PERIOD OF ORIGIN Buddhism was founded in the mid 500’s B.C.E in northern India.The religion is named for its founder, Siddhartha Gautama (who became known as Buddha).Prince from India.mother and father kept him sheltered from the “evils” of the worldventured outside the palace walls and saw human suffering
12 He wondered why people suffered. To find out, Siddhartha meditated under a tree until he reached enlightenment (understanding). When he reached enlightenment he became known as Buddha (“the enlightened one”).Buddha then began to spread his understanding of why humans suffer.Buddhism quickly spread from India to China.
13 Holy TextTripitaka – Earliest collection of Buddhist writings
14 Buddhism Spreads 268 BCE Asoka - third leader of the Maurya Empire Converted to Buddhism and spread the religionancient India, ruled by the Mauryan dynasty from 321 to 185 BC.
15 Monotheistic or Polytheistic? Just as in Hinduism, Buddhists believe in the all-powerful spirit known as Brahman.But unlike Hindus, Buddhists do not represent Brahman with gods.
16 Major Beliefs of Buddhism Just as in Hinduism, Buddhists believe the ultimate goal of existence is to attain union with Brahman (the all-powerful universal spirit)…known as Nirvana.Nirvana takes multiple lifetimes to attain.After death a soul is reborn into a new body. This rebirth of the soul is known as reincarnation.
17 Just as Hindus, Buddhists believe in dharma, karma, and ahimsa. Unlike Hindus, Buddhists never followed the guidelines of the caste system.Buddhism emphasizes meditation and discipline in order to reach enlightenment.
18 Buddhists believe the way to reach enlightenment is to follow 4 Noble Truths andthe Eightfold Path
19 The Four Noble Truths Sorrow and suffering are part of life. People suffer because they try to get things they cannot have.The way to escape suffering is to overcome these frustrating desires and reach a state of nirvana.To reach this state, you must follow the Eight-fold Path.
20 Eight-fold Path Know the truth Say nothing to hurt others Practice meditationControl your thoughtsResist evilFree your mind of evilWork for the good of othersRespect life
21 Basic Buddhist Beliefs Achieve enlightenment – become a BuddhaNirvanaWill achieve enlightenment by accepting the Four Noble Truths and then following the Eightfold PathreincarnationNo caste system, everyone is on the same path. But enlightenment will take many lifetimes.atman
22 Types of Buddhism Theravada (Lesser Vehicle) Buddha is not a godFollow the teachings of Buddha and you may obtain enlightenmentMajor text - TripitikaMahayana (Greater Vehicle)Emerged 3rd Century BCESome followers worshiped BuddhaBelieve in Boddhisatvas – People who already obtained enlightenment, but remain on earth to help others
24 Thesis StatementAre Buddhism and Hinduism more similar or different?
25 Thesis ‘Formula’“(Religion) and (Religion) are similar because ________, however they are more different because ______ (difference) and _______(difference).”If you are taking the stance that they are more different then provide TWO differences and only one similarity. You can always take the opposite stance, as well….in which case, you’d provide two similarities and one difference.This is for me to see your thesis writing skills!