2 Building Overseas Empires Imperialism: the domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.Empire: a group of states under one ruler.Imperialism: the process of forming an empire by creating colonies.Read Comparing Viewpoints pg. 288- What is Cecil Rhodes argument for imperialism?- What is Chief Kabongo’s argument against it?
3 Causes of New Imperialism Economic CausesNeed for natural resourcesDesire to expand marketsDesire to invest profitsOutlet needed for growing populationsEconomies strengthened by Industrial Revolution
4 Social Causes Desire to spread Christianity Desire to share Western civilizationBelief in European racial superiorityBelief in Social Darwinism
5 Political and Military Causes Bases needed for merchant and naval vesselsNationalismNational securityPrestige of global empireStrong, centrally governed nation-states
6 Technological Causes Advances in communication Medical knowledge Advances in weaponryAdvances in overseas travel
7 Forms of Imperial RuleDefine each form of rule and give the European nation that used each form.Direct Rule:Indirect Rule:- Protectorate:3. Sphere of Influence: