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Developing Biodiversity Indicators Measuring Conservation Impact at Global and Project Scales Valerie Kapos.

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Presentation on theme: "Developing Biodiversity Indicators Measuring Conservation Impact at Global and Project Scales Valerie Kapos."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developing Biodiversity Indicators Measuring Conservation Impact at Global and Project Scales Valerie Kapos

2 Unprecedented change: Terrestrial Ecosystems 5-10% area of five biomes converted between 1950 & 1990 >2/3 of the area of two biomes, & >1/2 of the area of four others converted by 1990 Conversion of further >20% of potential area of tropical and sub-tropical moist forests projected by 2050. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005


4 Global starting points… Convention on Biological Diversity – –1992, –now 188 governments Millennium Development Goals CBD Strategic Plan, adopted by the Conference of Parties at its sixth meeting Hague Ministerial Declaration, adopted by Ministers responsible for CBD implementation Plan of Implementation adopted by the World Summit on Sustainable Development

5 How are we doing? Process-based indicators Biodiversity indicators Outcome-oriented programmes of work

6 Performance can be monitored at several levels: Input - have you spent the money?  Activity - what did you do with it?  Output - what did it get you? How good was it?  Outcome - what effect has it had on the problem (cf. what would have happened without it?)  Impact - what is happening to the ecosystems/habitats/species/populations

7 Common issues and concerns Clearly stated biodiversity objectives often lacking Assumptions rarely explicitly stated More biodiversity objectives increases monitoring burden. Long time frames – outside normal project cycles Many impacts unanticipated ‘Control’ data useful but costly

8 2010 Target “...achieve a significant reduction in of the current rate of biodiversity loss at global, national and regional levels as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on earth.”

9 CBD indicator framework Framework for targets and indicators: biodiversity components sustainable use threats to biodiversity ecosystem integrity, good and services traditional knowledge, innovations, practices access and benefit sharing resource transfers, both ODA and technology

10 Proposed global indicators Status and trends of components, e.g.: extent of selected habitats abundance and distribution of species change in status of threatened species trends in genetic diversity of domesticated species coverage of protected areas

11 Locations undergoing high rates of land cover change in the past few decades

12 Biodiversity: Living Planet Index Tropical and Temperate Forest Species Trends over time in an average species population in each of the forest types. 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 197019751980198519901995 Tropical forests Temperate forests

13 Measures changes in number of species in each Red List category and number changing categories between successive threat assessments. Butchart et al. (2004). Biodiversity Decline: Red List Index

14 Growth in Protected Areas Worldwide

15 Proposed global indicators Sustainable use, e.g.: area of forest, agriculture and aquaculture ecosystems under sustainable management proportion of products derived from sustainable sources Threats to biodiversity, e.g.: nitrogen deposition numbers and cost of alien invasions


17 1860 1993 Atmospheric nitrogen deposition

18 Proposed global indicators Ecosystem integrity, goods and services, e.g.: trophic indices (marine and potentially others) connectivity/fragmentation water quality in aquatic ecosystems biodiversity used in food and medicine

19 Ecosystem Services and Human Well- being Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2003

20 Habitat loss – extent and fragmentation

21 Proposed global indicators Indicators concerned with: status of traditional knowledge, innovations, and practices status of access and benefit sharing status of resource transfers, including both ODA and technology transfer

22 GEF funded project (FSP) Building a partnership to track progress at the global level in achieving the 2010 biodiversity target ( ) PDF B ($500K), and two full project stages: 2006-2009 - Indicator development and testing ($6m) 2009-2012 - Reporting and looking ahead ($6m)

23 Monitoring and indicators - many partners and scales

24 Communicating 2010 indicators Supporting the regular delivery of global 2010 biodiversity indicators through web and other media Reporting to the CBD through GBO, and other audiences through a range of mechanisms and process. Opportunity for key link with C2010.

25 Marine Trophic Index

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