1 Monday Sept 22 “C” Section 2.2 Self-Esteem Objectives Compare the effects of high and low self-esteem on health.Describe the changes in self-esteem that can occur as people age.Identify ways to achieve and maintain high self-esteem.Summarize Maslow’s theory of self-actualization.
2 Self-Esteem and Your Health • One term psychologists use to describe your opinion of yourself is self-esteem.Self-esteem refers to how much you respect yourself and like yourself.Many psychologists think that high self-esteem has a positive effect on health, while low self-esteem has a negative effect on health.
3 Self-Esteem Inventory Score the following with: 1 = true; 2 = falseI don’t feel inadequate when I handle new situationsI accept criticism without getting upsetI accept myself unconditionallyI don’t exaggerate , pretend or lieI am not afraid to express my feelingsI don’t’ feel resentful when I loseI don’t worry about what other’s think about meI don’t feel a victim.I accept my body as it is.I don’t need other’s people opinion to feel good about myself.I can stand up for myself without being aggressive.I don’t feel like a failure.I don’t feel guilty when I say “NO”.I have a good relationship with other people, I have no fear of abandonment.I don’t envy other’s people success
4 Quiz ResultsTotal Score: 15 = Excellent.. Congratulations!. You have a deep sense of worth , self-respect and live a balance life.Total Score: = Good , you can improve. You are in the right path.Total Score = Need for improvement. You have a tendency toward self criticism and to put yourself down. You are afraid to take risks and make mistakes. You lack confidence.Total Score >= 26 = Extremely poor. You are too concern on other people’s opinions and you may lack assertiveness. Your tendency is to ignore your needs because you want to please others. You might have self-destructive habits. You lack confidence. Hide true feelings and have problems establishing intimacy in relationships.
8 Health Stats These data show the results of a survey that asked teens, “What would make you feel better about yourself?” They could choose more than one answer.Do these survey results surprise you? Why or why not?
9 Benefits of High Self-Esteem People with high self-esteem accept themselves for who they are.They have a realistic view of their strengths and weaknesses and maintain a positive attitude even when they fail at a task.
10 Risks of Low Self-Esteem People with low self-esteem don’t have much respect for themselves.They judge themselves harshly and worry too much about what others think of them.Some studies show that teens with low self-esteem are more likely than their peers to use drugs, drop out of school, become pregnant, and suffer from eating disorders.
12 How Self-Esteem Develops Self-esteem is not a constant. It can increase or decrease as people interact with their family, their peers, and their community.On average, self-esteem drops in early adolescence, increases gradually during adulthood, and decreases again toward the end of life.
13 ChildhoodYoung children need support and encouragement from family members.Most children enter school with relatively high self-esteem, but there is often a gradual decline in self-esteem during elementary school.
14 AdolescenceIt is normal for teens to be critical of their appearance, their abilities, their interests, and their shortcomings.But some teens are overly self-conscious and judge themselves too harshly.
15 Adulthood Self-esteem generally rises during adulthood. Adults begin to accomplish their goals and take control of their lives.
16 How does the self-esteem of females and males compare? Ask: What trends do you see in the data for both males and females?(Sample answer: Both males and femalesexperience a decline in self-esteem inearly adolescence.)Ask: Why does self-esteemtend to drop during elementary school?(Sample answer: Students beginto compare their accomplishments withthe accomplishments of others.)Caption Answer At ages other thanchildhood and late adulthood, maleshave a higher self-esteem than females.What trends do you see in the data for both males and females?Why does self-esteem tend to drop during elementary school?
17 Improving Your Self-Esteem Don’t base your self-esteem solely on other people’s opinions of you.Focus on your accomplishments, your talents, and your contributions to your family and community.
18 Improving Your Self-Esteem Make a list of your strengths and weaknesses.Focus on your strengths.Set ambitious, but realistic goals for yourself.Develop a plan to achieve your goals.Don’t be too hard on yourself.When you make a mistake or experience a defeat, figure out what went wrong.Rely on your values.You will feel better about yourself when you do things that match your values.
19 Improving Your Self-Esteem Learn to accept compliments.Try to distinguish genuine praise from insincere flattery.Look beyond your own concerns.Do something nice for others.Do not focus too much on appearance.A focus on appearance can undermine self-esteem.Making sure that you are well groomed, however, can help build self-confidence.
20 Achieving Your Potential The psychologist Abraham Maslow thought that people have an inborndrive to be the best that they can be. The process by which people achievetheir full potential is called Self -Actualization. In the 1950s, Maslowoffered an explanation for why few people ever reach their full potential.According to Maslow, before people can achieve self-actualization,their basic needs must be met. These needs are physical needs, the needto feel safe, the need to belong, and the need for esteem. Maslowarranged these needs in a pyramid. He called this arrangement theHierarchy of Needs
21 Achieving Your Potential The process by which people achieve their full potential is called self-actualization.According to Maslow, before people can achieve self-actualization, their basic needs must be met.The hierarchy of needs arephysical needsthe need to feel safethe need to belongthe need for esteem
22 Which needs did Maslow think must be satisfied before the need to belong can be met?
23 The pyramid shows the hierarchy of human needs that Maslow proposed.
24 The Hierarchy of Needs Physical Needs Physical needs include the need forfoodwatersleepIf these basic needs are not met, a person has little or no energy.SafetyA person needs shelter from the elements, such as heat, cold, and rain.A person needs to feel safe from violence in the home and in the community.
25 The Hierarchy of Needs Belonging Family, friends, and others in your community can provide the love and acceptance needed for your emotional health.EsteemThe need for the approval of others includes the need forrecognitionrespectappreciationattentionMaslow regarded self-esteem as a more important need than the approval of others.
26 The Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Once all of a person’s other needs are met, he or she can go on to achieve the qualities of a self-actualized person.
27 Vocabulary self-esteem Your opinion of yourself; how much you respect and like yourself.self-actualizationThe process by which people achieve their full potential.hierarchy of needsAn arrangement of human needs in a pyramid with physical needs at the base and self-actualization at the top.
28 Key Ideas and Vocabulary 1. Define self-esteem. Explain the effects that high and low self-esteem may have on health.2. In general, what happens to self-esteem during adolescence? Explain why this change occurs.3. Identify three things you should focus on if you want to improve your self-esteem.4. Define the term self-actualization. What did Maslow claim must happen before a person can achieve self-actualization?Self-esteem refers to how much you respect yourself and like yourself. Many psychologists think that high self-esteem has a positive effect on health, while low self-esteem has a negative effect.Self-esteem usually drops during adolescence because teens are influenced by media messages and comparisons to others.accomplishments, talents, and contributions to family and communitySelf-actualization is the process by which people achieve their full potential. Maslow claimed that a person’s basic needs must be met before he or she can achieve self-actualization.