Presentation on theme: "Letters and Sounds A phonics based program Finborough School Twilight session for Parents 5th February 2015."— Presentation transcript:
1 Letters and SoundsA phonics based program Finborough School Twilight session for Parents 5th February 2015
2 What is phonics ?Phonics teaching involves teaching children the sounds of letters ( not just the names) and how to segment and blend them together to make words , e.g c - a - t can be blended to make cat
3 Phonics consists of : identifying sounds in spoken words eg sat, pin recognising the common spelling of each phoneme eg sh , ayblending words into phonemes for reading eg shipsegmenting words into phonemes for spelling e.g sh-i-p.
4 How it works ..At Finborough School the Phonics Program is implemented 5 days per week for a 15 minutes block each day.Currently Nursery - Prep Two students are involvedStudents are grouped according to individual needs.
5 Letters and Sounds Phases Phonics and reading skills are taught in six distinct phasesThese phases are set out in the Letters and Sounds Program.Phase are taught sequentially.
6 Overview of PhasesPhase 1 : Rhyming , keeping rhythms and start to relate letter sounds to words e.g. b is for bag NurseryPhase 2 : Learn initial letters sounds and build 3 letters words NurseryPhase 3 : Learn all 44 phonemes and blend sounds together to read words Nursery/ReceptionPhase 4 : Blend consonants together to read difficult words e.g. blue , grab Reception/Prep 1Phase 5 : Learn how to spell letter sounds in more than one way e.g rain, day , make Prep 1/ Prep 2Phase 6 : Learn how to spell word specific spelling e.g turned , beautiful Prep 2
7 Sequence of each session 1. RECALL - Revisit and review previous sound and word building2. TEACH - A new phonic skill3. PRACTISE - the new skill4. APPLY - in a new situation e.g reading or writing in a sentence
8 How you can help at homeEncourage and model correct pronunciation of soundsReading daily to your child OR with your child OR listen to them readEncourage sounding out as one strategy when they are having trouble reading a wordPRAISE all attempts
9 Useful definitions PHONEME - smallest unit of sound GRAPHEME - written representation of the soundDIGRAPH - two letters making one sound e.g eeTRIGRAPH - three letters making one sound e.g ighSPLIT DIGRAPH - where two letters are not adjacent e.g a-e as in have
10 Useful Websites www.phonicsplay.co.uk good to help with sound pronunciation