Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Civil War-History Alive"— Presentation transcript:
1 Causes of the Civil War-History Alive Missouri Compromise 1820Chapter , pagesCompromise of 1850Chapter , pagesKansas-Nebraska Act 1854PagesDred Scott Decision 1857Pages
2 Compromise and Conflict Missouri Compromise 1820Should states join the Union as free or slave states?Compromise of 1850Should territories make political decisions (popularsovereignty)?Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854Why was it called Bleeding Kansas?Dred Scott Decision 1857How did this court decision for one man’s situation affect the North and the South?
3 Missouri Compromise 1820 Missouri – join as a slave state Maine – join as a free stateImaginary line to separate North (free states) from South (slave states)Developed by Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky (also known as the Great Compromiser)
4 Compromise of 1850 California –free Territories of Utah and New Mexico will decide for themselvesFugitive Slave Law - law passed as part of the compromise ordering citizens to help catch fugitives (person running away)Many northerners refused to obey the lawSlaves had to be returned to slavery
5 Uncle Tom’s Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe She was against the Fugitive Slave ActSold 300,000 copies in one yearCaused further divisions between the North and the South
6 Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 Developed by Stephen Douglass Reversed the Missouri CompromiseNo more imaginary line to separate North and South, free or slaveStates will decide for themselves (vote)Both sides rushed to Kansas to voteResulted in Bleeding Kansas (fighting)
7 Dred Scott Decision 1857 Dred Scott asked the court for freedom Congress said cannot keep slavery out of the territories (this angered Northerners)Declaration of Independence didn’t mean “all men are created equal”Blacks have no rightsScott must remain a slave