Niño Region SST Departures ( o C) Recent Evolution The latest weekly SST departures are: Niño 40.8ºC Niño 3.40.6ºC Niño 3 0.9ºC Niño 1+2 0.6ºC
Global SST Departures ( o C) During the Last Four Weeks During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average across the Pacific and western Indian Ocean and below-average north of Australia (the Maritime Continent).
Change in Weekly SST Departures over the Last Four Weeks During the last four weeks, positive changes in equatorial SST anomalies are evident in small regions of the central and eastern Pacific.
Central and Eastern Pacific Upper-Ocean (0-300 m) Weekly Average Temperature Anomalies Subsurface temperature anomalies strongly increased during January - March 2014. During April-July 2014, the positive anomalies decreased to near zero. Temperature anomalies increased between late July and late August, before leveling off.
Sub-Surface Temperature Departures in the Equatorial Pacific Most recent pentad analysis Recently, positive subsurface anomalies in the central Pacific appear to be expanding eastward. Since early September, positive subsurface temperature anomalies have stretched across most of the equatorial Pacific.
CPC/IRI Probabilistic ENSO Outlook Updated: 9 October 2014 The chance of El Niño is near 60-65% during the Northern Hemisphere fall and winter.
IRI/CPC Pacific Niño 3.4 SST Model Outlook Figure provided by the International Research Institute (IRI) for Climate and Society (updated 16 October 2014). Most models favor El Niño (greater than or equal to +0.5ºC) to develop during October- December 2014 and persist through Northern Hemisphere spring 2015.
* Note: These statements are updated once a month in association with the ENSO Diagnostics Discussion, which can be found by clicking here.here Summary ENSO Alert System Status: El Niño Watch ENSO-neutral conditions continue.* Positive equatorial sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies continue across most of the Pacific Ocean. El Niño is favored to begin in the next 1-2 months and last into the Northern Hemisphere spring 2015.*
Ensemble GFS (GEFS) MJO Forecast RMM1 and RMM2 values for the most recent 40 days and forecasts from the ensemble Global Forecast System (GEFS) for the next 15 days light gray shading: 90% of forecasts dark gray shading: 50% of forecasts Yellow Lines – 20 Individual Members Green Line – Ensemble Mean The ensemble GFS forecast indicates no robust MJO activity during the upcoming week, with a potential emerging signal over the Western Hemisphere and Africa during Week-2.
Climate Change Ten Hottest Years on Record, 1880-2013 Year Average Global Temperature (Degrees F) ________________________________________ 2010 58.41 2005 58.39 2007 58.33 1998 58.32 2002 58.32 2003 58.30 2013 58.30 2006 58.28 2009 58.28 2012 58.24 Source: Compiled by Earth Policy Institute from National Aeronautics and Space Admin.Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Climate Change (more fun facts) Oct 2014 tied with Oct 2012 as Warmest Oct on Satellite Record 38 th consecutive Oct above normal 355 st consecutive months with global temperatures above 20 th Century Average Last Below Average Oct occurred in 1976 Last Below Average month: Feb 1985 Last Below Average Year: 1976 Jan-Oct 2014 warmest on record