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Industrialization: Growth of North and South

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1 Industrialization: Growth of North and South
Unit 9 Industrialization: Growth of North and South

2 Factory System products could be produced faster and cheaper
Hire low waged workers

3 Growth of Industry Railroads – the invention of the steam engine led to modern railroads and trains; railroad construction boomed in the mid-19th century; Asian immigration built railroads on West coast

4 Bessemer Steel Process
the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel It decreased the cost which allowed increase in steel production and work force. Henry Bessemer is from Alabama More info on Wiki

5 Mechanical Reaper A mechanical reaper or reaping machine is a mechanical, semi-automated device that harvests crops Mechanical reapers are an important part of agriculture activity More info on Wiki

6 Interchangeable Parts – Eli Whitney
parts for devices were made to be nearly identical so that they could fit into any device of the same type allows easy assembly of new devices and efficient repair of existing devices

7 Steam Engine – Robert Fulton
First major invention of the new america Turn of the century invention Uses: travel upstream Mainly used on the Mississippi River

8 Erie Canal (1825) man-made waterways used for travel and/or shipping
Water route between NY city and Buffalo The Canal spurred the first great westward movement of American settlers

9 Morse Code – Samuel Morse (Telegraph)
Communicated information over a large area Before telephone invention Used Morse Code to transfer information Still used today Code Talker TheOffice – Morse Code Prank Gmail Tap

10 Eli Whitney and Cotton Gin
Increased cleaning of cotton seeds and production Went from 1lb of cotton a day to 50 lb’s a day WHY: increased production, more $$, more cotton crops, MORE SLAVES More info on Wiki

11 Slavery Expands Because of the cotton gin and the expansion of cottons fields MORE $ is made from cotton and therefore plantations are more powerful and more slaves are needed

12 Laissez-Faire (Adam Smith)
Laissez-faire – the belief that the government should not interfere in the economy other than to protect private property rights and to maintain peace Adam Smith – creator of modern economics pushed this concept

13 War of 1812 Effects: The USS gained a measure of international respect
Improved the professionalism of the US Army British blockade of the American coast created a shortage of cotton cloth , leading to the creation of a cotton-manufacturing industry Original White House burned

14 Free Enterprise less dependence on foreign products
Population has the chance to create businesses, therefore jobs

15 Characteristics of Industrialism
Factory System Popu Shift to Cities Inventions Expansion of Slavery Reform Movements Immigration Factory System Population shift to cities Inventions  Expansion of Slavery Reform Movements Immigration

16 Economic ($) Factors Lead to…
Industrialization Plentiful Natural Resources inventions investment capital ($$) Urbanization improved transportation

17 Urbanization the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people cities grow Pollution (problem) Social class issues ($)

18 Industrialization a society’s movement of population and resources from farm production to manufacturing Mechanical reaper Cotton gin Bessemer process

19 Venn Diagram Transportation – canals, RR, steamboat
Purpose is to compare and contrast to subjects Changes in: Transportation Communication Transportation – canals, RR, steamboat Communication – Telegraph,

20 Population Density Low medium High

21 nationalism Feeling of pride, loyalty and protectiveness toward your country WHY: people were proud to be americans and were confident

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