Development of Industrial Production Euro area (total industry, excluding construction) Source: European Central Bank (Eurostat data)
Energy intensive goods Share of global export markets for energy-intensive industries Source: OECD/IEA 2013
Development of Energy Prices Electricity price for industrial consumers (€/kWh) EU data: average retail price of industrial consumers (includes all sectors); Source: EUROSTAT US data: average retail price of electricity price to industrial consumers; Source: EIA
Development of Energy Prices Natural gas price for industrial consumers (€/Gigajoule) EU data: average retail price of industrial consumers (includes all sectors); Source: EUROSTAT US data: average retail price of industrial consumers; Source: EIA
EU ETS: Open questions Carbon prices will rise in the future: € 6 € 30-40? Post 2020 protection measures for energy-intensive industries are uncertain (free allocation?) Pending ETS reform (Market Stability Reserve and revised linear reduction factor) reduces predictability of future development
Practical example Business emitting 11 million tons of CO 2 /year Current situation: CO 2 price of € 5 + purchase of 1 m. certificates ► costs of € 5,000,000 Projections for 2030: CO 2 price of € 35 + purchase of 4 m. certificates ► costs of € 140,000,000 Costs are multiplied by a factor of 28!
Conclusions Targets need to be realistic and achievable Current plans of the Commission undermine the growth potential of the EU and could lead to carbon leakage Only if Europe’s economic power can be preserved, our low-carbon strategy will also be attractive for other economies The EU should remain a low-carbon technology leader. This is only possible if the attractiveness of the EU as industrial local can be maintained.
Recommendations for action 1.Set a realistic and conditional greenhouse gas reduction target, with the level dependent on the conclusion of a legally-binding international climate change agreement in December 2015. 2.Avoid measures that undermine the market-based characteristics of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). 3.Put in place more cost-effective support schemes for renewable energies which should be temporary and degressive, rather than guaranteed over a long period of time.
Recommendations for action 4.Swiftly complete the internal energy market and provide adequate infrastructure to strengthen security of energy supply in the EU and to cope with the increased uptake of renewables. 5.Pursue energy efficiency by ensuring the right framework conditions and facilitating effective measures to promote the use of energy management tools and practices, while refraining from a separate energy efficiency target for 2030. 6.Invite the new Commission to urgently bring forth concrete proposals for boosting the re- industrialisation of Europe and stimulating investments in the EU.
CONTACT DETAILS Michael STEURER Advisor, EU Affairs Energy, Climate Change, Environment Avenue des Arts 19 A-D B - 1000 Brussels Tel: +32 (0)2 282 08 77 Fax: +32 (0)2 230 00 38 firstname.lastname@example.org www.eurochambres.eu Thank you for your attention !