Presentation on theme: "Ionic/Covalent Bonding Notes. Stable or Unstable? An atom is only stable if it has a full valence shell If an atom is stable, it will not bond If an atom."— Presentation transcript:
Stable or Unstable? An atom is only stable if it has a full valence shell If an atom is stable, it will not bond If an atom is not full, it will bond
Compounds Compounds are formed when 2 atoms of different elements bond together. Atoms bond to fill their valence shell An atom will bond with an many atoms as it takes to fill its outer shell Once the valence shell is full, that atom is stable
Types of Chemical Bonds There are two types of chemical bonds: 1. Ionic Bonds 2. Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds Ionic bonds exist between a non- metal and a metal When two atoms bond ionically, they gain/lose electrons When an atom gains or loses an electron, it becomes an ion
Ions Group 118 21314151617 3456789101112 Calcium is in group 2. How many valence electrons does it have? It has 2 valence electrons. How many does it need to be stable? 8…so it can either lose 2 or gain 6. Which is easier? Losing 2…if it loses 2 electrons, it becomes positive Which other elements would lose 2 electrons?