8 Administrative principles (Henri Fayol)—rules of management Foresight—to complete plan of action for the future.Organization—to provide and mobilize resources to implement the plan.Command—to lead, select, and evaluate workers to get the best work toward the plan.Coordination—to fit diverse efforts together, ensure information is shared and problems solved.Control—to make sure things happen according to plan and to take necessary corrective action.
14 Quantitative management Use of specialists to help managers apply techniques.Software and hardware developments have expanded potential quantitative applications .Personal judgment?!Techniques and applications include:Mathematical forecastingInventory modelingLinear programmingQueuing theoryNetwork modelsSimulations
17 Mary Parker Follett Groups and human cooperation Groups are mechanisms through which individuals could combine their talents for a greater good.Organizations as cooperating “communities” of managers and workers.Manager’s job is to help people in the organization cooperate and achieve an integration of interests.
18 Mary Parker Follett Forward-looking management insights Employee ownership creates sense of collective responsibility (precursor of employee ownership, profit sharing, and gain-sharing)Business problems involve variety of inter-related factors (precursor of systems thinking)Private profits relative to public good (precursor of managerial ethics and social responsibility)
25 Teamwork activity Assume the identity of one of the following: Fredrick TaylorHenri FayolMax WeberMary Parker FolletSystem’s thinkingContingency theoriesAnswer the following questions (within teams)
26 Teamwork activityQ1: what are your basic beliefs about good management and organizational practices (according to your school of thoughts)?!Q2: What is the best thing a manager can do to improve productivity in his or her work unit (according to your school of thoughts)?!Q3: Disregard the school of thoughts you have chosen, how can you – as a manger – improve the productivity of a low performance employee in your organization?!(make use of what you have learned from the different schools of thoughts)