Presentation on theme: "Core 2: The body in motion Focus Question 1: How do the musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory systems of the body influence and respond to movement?"— Presentation transcript:
Core 2: The body in motion Focus Question 1: How do the musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory systems of the body influence and respond to movement?
Students learn about: skeletal system Students learn to: identify the location and type of major bones involved in movement, eg long bones articulate at hinge joints for flexion and extension. Major bones involved in movement:
Types of synovial joints Gliding joints: side-to-side or back-and-forth movements usually across flat surfaces. Example: between carpals and tarsals Hinge joints Hinge joints: the convex curve of one bone fits into the concave surface of the other. Movement in one plane. Example: elbow and knee joints. Pivot joint Pivot joint: primary movement is rotation. The rounded/pointed surface of one bone joins with the depression of another bone. Example: between atlas and axis, or at the proximal end of the radius and ulna.
Synovial joints cont Ellipsoid joint Ellipsoid joint: oval-shaped condyle of one bone fits into the elliptical depression of another. Movement in two planes. Example: joints between metacarpals and phalanges. Saddle joint Saddle joint: one bone is saddle-shaped and the other bone sits like a rider. Example: carpal and metacarpal of the thumb. Ball and socket joint Ball and socket joint: one round ball joint fits into a cup-like depression of another. Example: shoulder and hip joint