Presentation on theme: "Fiction A made up story Can tell about things that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Non-Fiction Has facts."— Presentation transcript:
Fiction A made up story Can tell about things that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Non-Fiction Has facts that can be checked and proven The author is an expert on this information.
Fiction Story is created from the author’s imagination Stories are pretend Animals or objects can talk, wear clothes, have jobs People in the story can do things people cannot really do Story might have funny pictures
There are three main forms of fiction. 1) Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with the main plot Subplots: independent related stories 2) Novella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short story 3) Short Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most can be read in one sitting
Mystery (Nancy Drew)Nancy Drew Horror (Goosebumps)Goosebumps Fantasy (Harry Potter)Harry Potter Science-fiction (Star Wars)Star Wars Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella)Cinderella Historical Fiction (Letters from Rifka)Letters from Rifka
Nonfiction Story is true and factual Stories are about real people Book gives information Might have maps or real pictures Pictures have captions describing the photograph An index in the back helps find information Might have a glossary which defines some words
Text that is TRUE and based on REAL information Forms of Non-Fiction Text: NewspapersDictionaries EncyclopediasScholastic News TextbooksMagazines Non-Fiction Books
Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts. 1) Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction; For example it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic writing style, or poetic language. 2) Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions, explain rules, provide other information that helps you complete procedures; often use illustrations or graphics
Autobiographies and memoirs: tell the story of the author’s life Biographies: tell the story of someone’s life from the perspective of another writer Letters: written communications from person to person
Recipes: tell how to prepare food Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipment Schedules: tell when events take place Menus: tell which foods are available and their cost Brochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or events Maps: are diagrams that show areas of land Applications: are written requests to an authority
how to cook spaghetti the life of the president of the United States a person who can jump over a house flowers that sing an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu wild animals that live in Africa the surface of the moon which foods are healthy to eat how to draw a bird a snowman that comes to life
Setting Character Point of View Plot Theme Narrator
the time, place and period in which the action takes place. Can be a real place or imaginary The Bean Trees: Arizona/Oklahoma 1980s. The Catcher in the Rye:New York, 1940s Lord of the Flies: deserted island, the future.
Details that describe: Furniture Furniture Scenery Scenery Customs Customs Transportation Transportation Clothing Clothing Dialects Dialects Weather Weather Time Time of day of year
Physical appearance of character Personality Background/personal history Motivation Relationships Conflict Does character change?
First person point of view: The story is told by a character who participates in the action of the story Third Person point of view: The story is told by a narrator outsie the story
The series of events and actions that takes place in a story.
The theme of a piece of fiction is its message about life. It usually contains some insight into the human condition. In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a single sentence. In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or there may be two or more central themes.
“Every man needs to feel allegiance to his native country, whether he always appreciates that country or not.” From “A Man Without a Country” by Edward Hale
Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters. “Where’s teacher?” “She’ll be back.” “She’d better hurry, we’ll miss it!” From “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury
Select a number 1-5 1) Haunted House 2) South Middle School 3) Walmart 4) Your house 5) Mrs. Hand’s classroom Write three sentences describing your setting. Please be specific.
Select a number 1-5 1. You 2. Scooby Doo 3. Edward Cullen 4. Lady Gaga 5. Minnie Mouse Write three sentences describing your character. (Character traits)
Select a number between 1-3. 1. From your view point 2. From your character’s view point 3. From a different character’s view point (who?)
You will take the sentences you just wrote and put the information together to create a story. (Minimum 2 paragraphs) Make sure to tell the story from the perspective of the name you selected for point of view.