Presentation on theme: "On a sheet of paper, answer the following questions on your own:"— Presentation transcript:
1 On a sheet of paper, answer the following questions on your own: Should you always support a friend, no matter what he or she does? Why or why not?What might be the risks of refusing to help?
2 To help learn and remember the causes of World War I, we use the acronym M.A.N.I.A. Write down only what is in green!
3 Causes of WWI – M.A.N.I.A.!Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war (ARMS RACE)Alliances – agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on anotherNationalism – extreme pride in one’s countryImperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically.Assassination – of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand
4 MilitarismWorld War I was the first war in which advanced weaponry and tactics were usedThere was a race for creating more weapons of mass destruction among nationsThere was a desire to create a large amount of weapons as well as building up a nation’s army and navy
5 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures MilitarismIncrease in Defense ExpendituresFrance10%Britain13%Russia39%Germany73%
6 Think-Pair-Share Question: Why were countries building up their militaries?
7 AlliancesSigned treaties in which each nation involved pledges to defend the other if attacked by an aggressorBasically, countries agreed to help each other
9 Triple Alliance vs. Triple Entente The Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy was counter-balanced by the Triple Entente of France, Russia, and Great Britain.As a result, by 1907 Europe was divided into two armed and rather fearful camps.
14 Nationalism Pride and patriotism in one’s nation In terms of WWI, nationalism became aggressive and subsequently (because of this) a major cause of international tensionIndependent nations desired dominance and prestige and as these powers tried to dominate each other in Europe, their rivalries may be regarded as one of the causes of the First World War
15 NationalismSTRONG IN THE BALKAN AREAOttoman Empire ruled the Balkan area for 400 yearsBalkansAlbanians, Greeks, Romanians, and SlavEach group was struggling for their own independenceBOSNIAArea of great hostilityAustria- Hungary annexed Bosnia as one of its territories in 1908Serbia was newly independent and thought that Bosnia should be one of their territoriesTHIS BECAME AN AREA OF CONFLICT (This will be explained later)
16 Think-Pair-Share Question: How does nationalism play apart in conflicts (then & today)?
17 ImperialismVirtually all the major powers were engaged in a scramble for empire to bolster their economiesThe fiercest competition was between Britain and Germany and between France and Germany
18 ImperialismGreat Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution.These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa.Clash of France against Germany and Britain in North AfricaIn the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia.
24 AssassinationArchduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.
25 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was shot in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia.
26 Think-Pair-Share Question: Why was the Archduke assassinated?
27 Domino EffectAustria Hungary blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia.Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary.Russia pledged their support for Serbia.
28 Domino Effect Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges their support for Russia.Germany declares war on France.Germany invades Belgium on the way to France.Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany.
29 REVIEW! What were the 5 causes of WWI? Activity: On a sheet of paper re-create the following Venn diagramAllied reasons for fightingSimilarities: Why did they all fight?Central Power reasons for fighting
30 With your partner, discuss and fill out the Venn diagram You can use a textbook to helpTicket out:At the bottom of your Venn diagram, create another “hash-tag” but this one should be related to the causes of WWI
31 What were the 5 causes of WWI? REVIEW!What were the 5 causes of WWI?MANI
32 COMBATANTS OF WWI Central Powers Allied Powers World War I Germany Austria-HungaryOttoman EmpireBulgariaRussiaFranceGreat BritainItalyJapanUnited States (1917)
33 What new weapons were used in WWI? Machine gunPoison gas (Mustard gas)Carried by the windBurned out soldier’s lungsDeadly in the trenches where it would sit at the bottomSubmarineAirplaneTankHand grenadesFlame ThrowersWhy these weapons? Why now?INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION & NEW WAY OF FIGHTING>>>>>
34 Trench WarfareType of fighting during World War I in which both sides dug trenches protected by mines and barbed wireBecame a war of attritionGoal was to wear down opponent, make them give up
35 Trenches were dug from English Channel to Switzerland 6,250 miles6 to 8 feet deepImmobilized both sides for 4 years
36 Why was WWI a Stalemate? What’s a stalemate? Neither side can make a move to winBoth sides of the war threw arms and troops in to win but…………Millions die without gaining ground.
42 LIFE IN THE TRENCHES Boredom Elaborate systems of defense Made of dirtRats, frogs, & liceDeath & diseaseThe smellBoredomSoldiers read to pass the time, play cards, sleepSarah Bernhardt came out to the front to read poetry to the soldiers
47 You’re In the Trenches!On a separate sheet of paper, draw a simple version of the Trench SystemFront line, communication trench, support trenches, No-Mans landBelow that:Write a letter back home to your family about fighting the war in the trenches (where you are, how you’re feeling, how the fighting is going, etc.)