History of Game Management Fish and Wildlife Resources
Students will be able to… Discuss history of wildlife conservation Describe important game management laws
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Abundance (1600-1849) Game were abundant Era of settlement Predators considered dangerous bounties Wildlife began to decline Martin v. Waddell (1842) Fish & wildlife belong to the public
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Exploitation (1850-1899) Tremendous decline in wildlife Bison hunted to near extinction Market hunting popular Settlers believed wildlife resources were endlessly abundant Concern begins to arise.
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Protection (1900-1929) Declining wildlife populations Signaled need for change 1 st national wildlife refuges were established Lacey Act (1900) Federal offense to move poached wildlife across state boundaries Migratory Bird Act (1929) Protect migratory waterfowl species
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Game Management (1930-1965) Use wildlife on a sustainable basis Focus on game species Aldo Leopold—Game Management Described ways to manage wildlife and habitat
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Game Management (1930-1965) Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act (1929) Money for acquiring land for migratory birds Lea Act (1948) Provide federal land for waterfowl feeding areas Pittman-Robertson & Dingell-Johnson Act (1950) State taxes on guns, ammunition, tackle $$ state fish and game depts.
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Environmental Management (1966-1984) Focus shifts Game animals all species and habitats Endangered Species Act (1966) Secretary of the Interior keeps a list of endangered and threatened species (and habitats) EPA (1970) Regulates federal environmental laws
History of Wildlife Conservation Era of Global Cooperation and Protection (1985- present) Wildlife don’t know boundaries… Management requires cooperation between nations, states, and landowners.
Review Discuss history of wildlife conservation Describe important game management laws