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Introduction to Servlet & JSP

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Servlet & JSP"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Servlet & JSP
Krerk Piromsopa. Department of Computer Engineering. Chulalongkorn University Servlet & JSP

2 Servlet Technology JAVA APPLETs run on client side (in web browsers) or writing Internet applications. JAVA SERVLETs run on server side for web-based application. (No GUI is required) JAVA have built-in support for multithread. Servlet API is Standard Java Extension API, (NOT part of core Java) and available as add-on package. Servlet & JSP

3 Servlets Overview Protocol and Platform-independent server side Java components Clients may range from simple HTML forms to Java applets. Used as middle tiers for distributed application systems. Servlet & JSP

4 Applications & Usage Modes.
Database Connection. Synchronization (On-line conferencing) Virtual Server management etc. Filter chains of Servers. HTTP CGI replacement Server side include Servlet & JSP

5 Security. Rely on HTTP-specific authentication
Secure Socket Layer (SSL) Java advantage: no memory access violations, strong typing violations. (Servlet will not crash servers.) Security Manager. Only trusted servlets will be allow to access network services or local files. Support fine grained access control (more secure than MS. ActiveX.) Servlet & JSP

6 Performance Servlet run as light weight thread in process.
CGI run as heavy weight process. Servlet & JSP

7 Three Tier Applications.
Servlet & JSP

8 Sample Servlet Hello World! import*; import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*; public class HelloWorld extends HttpServlet { public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException, ServletException { response.setContentType("text/html"); PrintWriter out = response.getWriter(); out.println("<html>"); out.println("<body>"); out.println("<head>"); out.println("<title>Hello World!</title>"); out.println("</head>"); out.println("<h1>Hello World!</h1>"); out.println("</body>"); out.println("</html>"); } Servlet & JSP

9 JavaServer Pages VS. Servlets.
Dynamic Page require for. Working on any web or application server Separating the application logic from the appearance of the page Allowing fast development and testing Simplifying the process of developing interactive web-based applications JSP is a new approach to fit this need. Servlet ,to turn page, have to edit and recompile. Servlet & JSP

10 JavaServer Pages Approach.
Separating content generation from presentation Emphasizing reusable components Simplifying page development with tags Java Technology benefits (memory management and security. Scalability (integrated with J2EE) Servlet & JSP

11 JSP Example. <HTML> page language=="java" imports=="com.wombat.JSP.*" %> <H1>Welcome</H1> <P>Today is </P> <jsp:useBean id=="clock" class=="calendar.jspCalendar" /> <UL> <LI>Day: <%==clock.getDayOfMonth() %> <LI>Year: <%==clock.getYear() %> </UL> <% if (Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.AM_PM) ==== Calendar.AM) { %> Good Morning <% } else { %> Good Afternoon <% } %> include file=="copyright.html" %> </HTML> Servlet & JSP

12 JSP components. JSP Directives JSP Tags JSP expression
…. %> JSP Tags <jsp:useBean … /> <jsp:setProperty … /> <jsp:getProperty … /> <jsp:include … /> <jsp:forward … /> JSP expression <%== … %> Scripting Elements (scriptlet) <% ... %> Servlet & JSP

13 Application Model Simple Application
Flexible Application with Java Servlets Servlet & JSP

14 Application Model (Continue)
Scalable Processing with Enterprise JavaBeans Technology. Servlet & JSP


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