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ECE Department: University of Massachusetts, Amherst Lab 1: Introduction to NIOS II Hardware Development.

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Presentation on theme: "ECE Department: University of Massachusetts, Amherst Lab 1: Introduction to NIOS II Hardware Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 ECE Department: University of Massachusetts, Amherst Lab 1: Introduction to NIOS II Hardware Development

2 2 ECE 354 Objectives  Introduction to Altera tools  Walk through from project creation to chip configuration (Lab1-Part I)  Instructions to get started with Part II

3 3 ECE 354 Tools  Quartus FPGA development: Design, simulation, synthesis and download  SOPC Builder Build target SOPC Based on a Processor-core (NIOS II processor), you can add other peripherals (e.g. Parallel IO, Ethernet Controller, Serial Ports, etc.)  NIOS IDE Software platform for developing programs

4 4 ECE 354 Lab1 Objectives  Part I : Display “Hello, world” in your debug console from NIOS II  Part 2 : Implement a counter program and display the output on the LED, LCD and the seven segment display.

5 5 ECE 354 New Project Creation  Open Quartus II, and select file - > New Project Wizard…  Specify a working directory and name your project  NOTE: Make sure your working directory contains no white- space. (This will cause problems later when trying to compile your project from the SOPC Builder)

6 6 ECE 354  Select Cyclone II in the drop- down box labeled “family”. We will be using device EP2C35F672C6.  Click finish. All necessary project parameters have been configured. FPGA Selection

7 7 ECE 354 Using the SOPC Builder  Open SOPC builder from Tools-> SOPC Builder  Now that a Quartus project has been setup, select File -> New…  We will be using the SOPC Builder System, so select this option and click OK.  You are prompted for an SOPC system name. SOPC generates VHDL or Verilog to describe the system. Select the language you are more comfortable programming in.

8 8 ECE 354 SOPC Builder Screenshot

9 9 ECE 354 Adding NIOS II Processor

10 10 ECE 354 Adding JTAG UART  Next, we will be adding a JTAG UART module, found under Serial.

11 11 ECE 354 Adding Interval Timer  Next, we will be adding an interval timer to the system. This provides a system “heart-beat” which will handle many operations that happen outside of normal program-flow (interrupts, bus-arbitration, etc.)

12 12 ECE 354 Setting IRQ Priority  Right-most column (labeled IRQ) lists IRQ priorities: you will notice that the JTAG debug module has a lower IRQ than the interval-timer.  Lower IRQ means higher priority. We want the interval timer to have a higher priority than the JTAG UART.  Swap the two IRQ assignments to give the interval timer a higher priority.

13 13 ECE 354 Adding On-Chip Memory  Change the memory offset: Double click cpu instance (cpu_0) and provide Reset Vector and Exception Vector

14 14 ECE 354 Tutorial: Programming the FPGA  Back to Quartus Now select Processing -> start -> Start Analysis & Synthesis. A number of warnings will appear during the check. This is normal.

15 15 ECE 354 Quartus: Analysis & Synthesis

16 16 ECE 354 Pin Assignments  The DE2 comes with a.csv (comma separated value) file that can be used to automatically provide more intuitive names to the generic names pins have by default.  The.csv file can be found on the DE2 CD in the DE2_tutorials/design_files directory select Assignments -> Import Assignments… -> Browse the.csv file.  We will change two assignments from default : reset and the 50 MHz clock. Now select Assignments -> Pins.

17 17 ECE 354 Pin Assignment Screenshot You should see assignments similar to the screenshot found below:

18 18 ECE 354 Assigning CLK and Reset Pins  Find the entry “CLOCK_50”, and replace it with our unassigned pin “clk_0”. Doing so will connect the clock found in our design to the 50 MHz oscillator on the DE2 board.  Now assign the reset_n input signal to any of the SW[x] pins. This will connect the reset signal to one of the switches found on the DE2 board.  Now select Processing -> Start Compilation. If compilation is successful, a programming file to be written to the FPGA will be generated.

19 19 ECE 354 Programming the FPGA  Select Tools -> Programmer. The generated programming file should automatically be selected. Be sure the DE2 is connected to the computer via the provided USB cable. Check the Program/Configure box to configure the Cyclone II FPGA as the NIOS system defined in the SOPC Builder.  A dialogue box will open, mentioning we are using a time- limited version of the NIOS processor. Leave this box open. The FPGA has now been successfully configured!

20 20 ECE 354 Programming the FPGA

21 21 ECE 354 Tutorial: Using the NIOS II IDE  Now that you have successfully developed an SOPC system, we will write a very simple program to run on our new processor.  Open the NIOS IDE.  create a new workspace.

22 22 ECE 354 Tutorial: Using the NIOS II IDE  Select File -> New -> Project. A new dialogue box should open.  Select C/C++ Application. Click next.  A variety of project templates are provided as a starting point. We will be using the “Hello World Small” template.  In order to develop a NIOS project, the IDE needs a.ptf (plain text file) file that indicates various peripherals unique to our design.

23 23 ECE 354 Tutorial: Using the NIOS II IDE

24 24 ECE 354 Tutorial: Using the NIOS II IDE  You should now be looking at a window like this:

25 25 ECE 354 Tutorial: Using the NIOS II IDE Optimizations to fit to 20KB memory

26 26 ECE 354 Tutorial: Using the NIOS II IDE  Under the “C/C++ Projects” tab, right-click hello_world_0. This time select Run As -> NIOS II Hardware.  This option will compile and write the program to the on-chip memory we specified in SOPC.

27 27 ECE 354 Hello World!

28 28 ECE 354 Checkpoint: Lab1 (Part I)  A NIOS system in the Quartus II SOPC Builder  Use the NIOS II IDE to run a very simple C program on the system defined in SOPC.

29 29 ECE 354 Part II  You will use external memory  You will use other devices (LED, seven segment, and hex display.)  Please read lab instruction on class website

30 30 ECE 354 Getting Started with Part II  Use schematic editor, and draw components (Details are in Lab1 PDF)

31 31 ECE 354 Final Configuration

32 32 ECE 354 Pin Assignments

33 33 ECE 354 Pin Assignments

34 34 ECE 354 Pin Assignments

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