Presentation on theme: "Slideshow 3 Setting Up the ACCOUNTS PAYABLE Module."— Presentation transcript:
Slideshow 3 Setting Up the ACCOUNTS PAYABLE Module
List of Topics Slide No. The ACCOUNTS PAYABLE Module3 Activating the A/P Module 4 Accounts Payable Setup 5 Step 1: Define Options 5 Step 2: Define Account Sets 6 Step 3: Define Distribution Codes 7 Step 4: Define Distribution Sets 8 Step 5: Define Terms of Purchase 9 Setting Up Vendor Groups 10 Setting Up Vendor Records 12 Accounts Payable Batches 13 Entering Vendor Opening Balances 14 How Posting Works in A/P 15 Deleting the Opening Subledger Batch in the G/L 16 Setting Up the Accounts Payable Control Account 18 Correcting an A/P ERROR Batch 19 Aged Payables Report 20
The ACCOUNTS PAYABLE Module Click and study the types of transactions processed in the A/P Module. A/P maintains vendor information for processing the transactions given at the right. With the company, vendor and transaction information entered in the A/P system, reports may be generated to help in business problem solving and management decisions. Cheques for payments to vendors can be automatically generated and printed, taking into account available discounts. Like in the G/L Module, you will continue to use Collegiate Computer Systems Limited (COLLEGIATE) as your sample company. The procedure for activating the A/P Module is similar to the procedures to activate the G/L, Bank Services and Common Services. You cannot activate A/P unless you have activated Bank Services and Common Services. Click to continue. Types of Transactions in the A/P Module Purchases Debit/Credit notes Adjustments Payments/pre-payments to vendors Cash disbursements, monthly payments Tax remittances
A/P Options define: How batch processing functions in A/P. How A/P statistics are kept. How invoices are processed in A/P. How payments are processed in A/P. Additional vendor data fields, if necessary. How A/P integrates with G/L. Accounts Payable Setup Click Step 1 below: Step 1: Define Options Study what the A/P Options define as shown at the right.Click. Study the COMPANY page. It displays the information you entered previously when you set up Common Services. Click the other tabs from left to right, starting from the PROCESSING tab. Pay particular attention to the special notations and fields to which gold arrows point. When finished going through all the pages, click to continue. Checking this box forces the user to print the batches before posting. Checking these two options allows the user to change batches before posting. Checking this box will allow the user to use the DRILL DOWN feature. Standard aging are shown; can be changed if the company is on a shorter or longer payment cycle. When processing payments, ACCPAC will include whatever you select in this field in Pending Amounts. Calculate instructs ACCPAC to automatically calculate taxes. If the tax amount on the vendor invoice differs from the tax amount that ACCPAC calculates, you would simply change the tax amount on the Taxes page upon invoice entry. ACCPAC will calculate the invoice subtotal on which taxes will be based. By checking this box, you can make corrections or adjustments to vendor invoices in the Payment window; thus saving the step of creating a separate adjustment entry. This is where you would set the numbering for the various documents in A/P. As you create documents, ACCPAC updates the numbering on this page.
Accounts Payable Setup (continued) Step 2: Define Account Sets Account Sets are codes that link a vendor to a specific set of G/L accounts. When an appropriate previously-designed Account Set code is entered in the vendor record, the system knows which accounts should be debited or credited when a transaction that pertains to the particular vendor is entered. This saves keystrokes and help avoid errors. Before you can add account sets, you must have the necessary accounts in the G/L Chart of Accounts. Click and study a sample of a completed Account Sets window. When ACCPAY (the Account Set code) is attached to a vendor, ACCPAC will debit/credit to the accounts under General Ledger Account for any of the vendor’s transactions. Click to continue.
Accounts Payable Setup (continued) Step 3: Define Distribution Code A Distribution Code is a code of one to six characters that you can associated with a G/L account. They can be a great timesaving feature, as it is generally easier to remember a code than it is to remember account numbers. For example, it is easier to remember RENT than 6030. A Distribution Code, when entered in a vendor’s record, tells ACCPAC which account must be debited or credited when a vendor invoice is posted. Click and study the Distribution Codes used by COLLEGIATE and a sample Distribution Codes window. Click to continue.
Accounts Payable Setup (continued) Step 4: Define Distribution Sets Distribution Codes can be grouped into Distribution Sets. You would use this option to further improve efficiency of data entry. For example, if a purchase from a vendor is typically recorded using the same Distribution Codes, you can assign a Distribution Set to the specific vendor using the Distribution Codes. Click to view a completed Distribution Set window. ADVERT is used by COLLEGIATE to process transactions involving Advertising Expense. Manual is selected for Distribution Method so COLLEGIATE can allocate advertising expense based on the specific content of each advertisement. Click to continue.
Accounts Payable Setup (continued) Step 5: Define Terms of Purchase A/P Terms are conditions established by the vendor or negotiated with the vendor for payment of invoices. You would define the various terms used by all vendors then assign a term code to each vendor when you create individual vendor records. Click and study the various Terms of Purchase used by COLLEGIATE. Click again to view a sample A/P Terms window. Excluded is selected for Calculate Base for Discount with Tax to NOT include tax amounts when calculating discounts. Days From Invoice Date for Due Date Type and Discount Type instructs ACCPAC to base the calculation of due date and discount amount on the invoice date. Click to continue.
Setting up Vendor Groups Vendor Groups is a method of grouping vendors that have common characteristics; e.g., you can set up a vendor group for vendors from whom you purchase products, and another that supply you with services. Before you can add vendor records, you must add at least one vendor group. Click and study the GROUP page of a vendor group. SUP is the Vendor Group Code used for general suppliers of goods. Notice that Account Set, Terms Code, Bank Code and Payment Code are specified for the group. Click the Invoicing tab.
Setting up Vendor Groups (continued) Notice that when you select Distribution Code for the Distribute By field, a Distribution Code box appears. The other choices are Distribution Set, G/L Account or None.Click. Duplicate Invoice Checking helps prevent the entry of the same invoice twice. Selecting Warning for Vendor and Amount and Vendor and Date provides a warning when two identical invoices with the same date is entered and allows the user to choose whether or not to enter the second invoice. The other selection, Error, would not allow you to enter two legitimate separate invoices with the same date.Click. Note the Tax Group. Selecting No for Tax Included instructs ACCPAC add tax to the taxable subtotal. Click to continue.
Setting up Vendor Records Vendors in ACCPAC are identified by Vendor Number. It is important that your numbering scheme allows for the addition of new vendors. Once you have entered and saved a vendor record, the vendor number cannot be changed. If no transactions have been entered, you can delete the vendor record and re- enter the vendor information with a different number. Click and study the ADDRESS page of a vendor record. Notice that a Vendor Group Code is entered. Click the PROCESSING page. Click the other tabs from left to right. Click to continue. These fields will show as defaults when you process invoices or payments for the particular vendor. What you enter on this page will be the defaults used when entering invoices from this particular vendor. This page is automatically maintained by ACCPAC and can not be revised. Study the type of information you can find on this page. This page is automatically maintained by ACCPAC and can not be revised. Study the type of information that you can find on this page. This page cannot be viewed until after the vendor record is added. You would use this page to save important notes about the particular vendor.
Types of A/P Batches Invoice Batch – used to enter vendor invoices, credit notes and debit notes Adjustment Batch – used to make corrections to vendor accounts and to correct distribution errors. Adjustments do not affect period-to-date statistics. Payment Batch – used to enter manual cheques for payments, cash invoices and prepayments, and to print cheques/advices. A payment batch is also generated automatically during a system check run. Steps in Processing an Invoice Batch 1.Establish control totals – Manually add the invoice amounts of all invoices to be entered in the batch. 2.Create a new batch – Compare the batch total to the manual total to ensure that all invoices are entered correctly. 3.Enter and add invoice data. 4.Print the batch listing – After the batch is entered and the total verified, it should be printed or displayed to further check for errors. 5.Edit the batch if necessary, then reprint the batch listing. 6.Set the batch Ready to Post – remember that you need to print the batch first before you can set the batch Ready to Post. 7.Post the invoice batch – Posting permanently updates vendor account information, so be sure to back up your data before posting. 8.Print the Posting Journal – It is important to print batches posted in the system and properly file them for the audit trail. Accounts Payable Batches There are three different types of batches used to enter transactions in the ACCPAC A/P Module. Click and study the different types of A/P batches. As you have learned earlier, a batch may consist of one or more transactions. For efficiency, you would collect similar transactions (e.g., invoices, credit notes, etc.) and process them together in one batch. Processing batches in A/P is very similar to processing batches in the G/L Module. Click and review the steps in processing an INVOICE batch. Click to continue.
Entering Vendor Opening Balances After the A/P setup is completed, you can enter the opening balances for each vendor based on the Schedule of Accounts Payable at the time of conversion to ACCPAC. Study the Schedule of Accounts Payable for COLLEGIATE. Click Pro Craftware on the Schedule. Study the DOCUMENT page for Pro Craftware and where the information from the Schedule of Accounts Payable is entered. Click the other tabs on the Invoice Entry from left to right starting from TAXES. Click to continue. The Terms of Purchase are based on the Terms Code entered in the Vendor record. The Net Payable in the Invoice Entry should equal the vendor balance in the Schedule of Accounts Payable.
How Posting Works in A/P Study what posting an A/P batch does (see right). Posting permanently updates vendor accounts, tax services data and bank data. Corrections to posted invoices may be made only by entering the corrections in an ADJUSTMENT batch. Incorrectly posted cheques may be voided in Bank Services.Click. Accounts payable batches may be posted either in: Batch List window. Post Batches window. Study the windows at the right. Click to continue. Posting an A/P batch does the following: Updates Vendor records and statistics, except when posting Adjustment Batches (adjustments do not update period-to-date and year-to-date statistics). Creates a Posting Sequence Number that serves as a reference in tracing posted amounts back to their source documents. Creates a posting journal that should be printed and used as an audit trail record of posted transactions. Creates an AP subledger batch in the General Ledger with details of G/L account entries, or stores G/L transactions that can be later used to create a G/L batch on request. Creates an ERROR Batch if errors are found in the entries; e.g., entries with incomplete distribution, entries with duplicate document numbers, missing departments, etc. Disables the batch from being posted a second time. Only one batch at a time may be posted in the Batch List window. Multiple batches may be posted at once in the Post Batches window, creating one posting sequence.
Deleting the Opening Subledger Batch in the G/L Earlier in the G/L Module, you entered the opening balances of the COLLEGIATE accounts. This included the balance on ACCOUNTS PAYABLE for $14,000 (see right).Click. Because you selected During Posting under Create G/L Transactions when you set up your A/P G/L Integration earlier, ACCPAC automatically creates an A/P Subledger batch in the G/L every time you post a batch in A/P. When you posted the vendor balances in A/P, ACCPAC posted them to the individual vendor subledgers and at the same time created a subledger batch in G/L totaling the same amount you posted in ACCOUNTS PAYABLE in the G/L earlier. Therefore, you need to delete the A/P subledger batch in the G/L; otherwise, ACCOUNTS PAYABLE will be overstated (it will be doubled)! Click to continue.
Deleting the Opening Subledger Batch in the G/L (continued) You would delete the batch in the G/L Batch Listing window. You would highlight the batch containing the vendor balances, then click the DELETE button. Although this procedure does not need to be done immediately, it is best to delete the A/P subledger batch soon after you post it in A/P to be sure that it is not missed later. Click to continue.
Setting Up the Accounts Payable Control Account All vendor transactions are processed in the A/P Module. When A/P subledger batches are posted, the G/L ACCOUNTS PAYABLE account should be debited or credited accordingly. First, you need to designate a G/L account as the A/P Control Account – usually called ACCOUNTS PAYABLE. Entries to ACCOUNTS PAYABLE after the G/L account balances are entered must come from the A/P subledgers. Entering such transactions directly in the G/L will make the A/P Control Account and the A/P subledgers out of balance. Click and study the DETAIL page for the A/P Control Account, then click the SUBLEDGER page. Click to continue. In order to set up ACCOUNTS PAYABLE as the A/P Control Account, the account must already exist in the Chart of Accounts. Checking this box designates the specific G/L account as the control account. You would enter AP, the ACCPAC default Prefix for Accounts Payable.
Correcting an A/P ERROR Batch If there were errors in the invoice batch, an ERROR batch would be generated upon posting the erroneous batch. DO NOT DELETE – an ERROR batch can be fixed. Click and study the procedure in correcting an ERROR batch. You can then deduce from this procedure that the key is to print Posting Errors report so you would know what to fix. Click to continue. Steps in correcting an ERROR batch: 1.Go to the A/P Transactions Report window. 2.Double-click the Posting Errors icon. 3.Print the Posting Errors report to find out what the errors were. 4.Open the ERROR batch. 5.Correct, i.e., fix the errors, and save the entries. 6.Close the batch, print the batch and post the batch.
Aged Payables Report The A/P Aged Payables Report is a very important report usually printed at month-end or whenever there is a need to find out what payments are due within a certain period of time. The total of the Aged Payables Report should be equal to the balance of the ACCOUNTS PAYABLE account in the Trial Balance. Click to continue.
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