Presentation on theme: "Towards the Sustainable Development Goals:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Towards the Sustainable Development Goals: The World We WantA Presentation Prepared for the DPGH GroupRogers DhliwayoEconomics Advisor/UNDP Tanzania4 March 2015
2 Outline of the Presentation What Next?Why the Post 2015 Development Agenda?The ProcessInputs – Key Reports in 2013The Open Working Group (OWG)Analytics: The World We Want and MY WorldWhere Are we Now?The SDGs vs MDGsReflections on the SG’s Synthesis ReportWay Forward – The Next Steps
4 Why a New Development Agenda? Current development model is leading to breaches in the planetary boundaries, jeorpdazing the very existence of human civilization on this planet - effects of climate change.Inadequacy of the curent development model in achieving in reducing poverty and achieving other human development goals.New development agenda must eradicate poverty within the context of sustainable development (Rio+20 Outcome Document – The Future We Want).
5 The ProcessProcesses to define the Post 2015 Agenda gained momentum in with…Open and Inclusive consultations – guiding principleUNDG supported 3 streams of consultations - National, Regional and Global thematic consultationsOther parallel consultations to inform the SG – High Level Panel (HLP), Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), CSOs, Global Compact (pvt sector)
6 Inputs – Key Reports in 2013HLP – A New Global Partnerships: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development (proposal of 12 goals)UNDG Report – A Million Voices: The World We Want (Sept 2013)SDSN Report – An Action Agenda for Sustainable Development (proposal of 10 Goals)SG’s Report – A Life of Dignity for All (2013)
7 The Open Working Group (OWG) 30 member representatives of the GATasked to bring together Rio +20 Aspirations and the Post Development agenda – SDGsStarted work in January 2014, considering all key reportsProposal of 17 Goals and 169 targets to the GA.It is important to note that the proposed SDGs and targets were a results of all submissions by various processes!!!
8 Analytics: The World We Want and MY World MY World Stats: 7,138,023 Votes (17 Feb 2015)
9 Where Are We Now?As per SG’s synthesis report, the 17 Sustainable Goals and 169 Goals which has been proposed by the Open Working Group are the basis for SDGs negotiations.The vision is for the goals to promote sustainable development and poverty eradication.The first 16 goals address priority areas that:Increase the ambition/ improving and sustaining current achievements on existing MDG goals (poverty, health education, gender) with added dimensions onEconomic sustainability (inclusive growth, jobs, infrastructure, industrialization)Environmental sustainability (climate change, oceans and land based ecosystems, sustainable consumption and production)All held together by the glue of ‘peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development’ (governance agenda, rule of law, violence).The 17th goal covers means of implementation (finance, trade, technology, capacity building, partnerships, and data) – Scheduled for mid-July 2015 in Addis/Ethiopia
11 The SDGs versus MDGs Key Strengths of the proposed SDGs include:- The notion of leaving no one behind – with many targets aspiring zero/fully coverage (raising the ambition of the MDGs)Stand alone goal of Inequality (within and between countries)Stand alone goal on gender inequality , including ending of all forms of violence, discrimination, child marriages, and female genital mutilations
12 The SDGs versus MDGsEnvironmental issues are strongly represented – fulfilling a long sought marriage between development and environment (climate change, marine and land base ecosystems, and sustainable consumption and production)Governance - for the first time – incorporating a goal and targets on governance and peaceful societies (legal identity, tackling corruption and bribery etc)Participatory/Inclusiveness Process in formulation of the SDGs: The participation and buy in of a wide range of stakeholders including member states and non governmental organizationsThe broad nature of the SDG is also a reflection of the nature of challenges facing the world today
13 SG’s Synthesis Report: Reflections UN Secretary-General’s synthesis report on the post-2015 development agenda - ‘The Road to Dignity by 2030: Ending Poverty, Transforming All Lives and Protecting the Planet', proposes an integrated set of six essential elements: dignity; people; prosperity; planet; justice; and partnership.On dignity, the report stresses eradicating poverty as the agenda's overarching objective, and calls for addressing challenges related to inequality, the rights of women, youth and minorities (MDGs1, 3 and SDGs 1, 5)On people, the report recommends addressing, inter alia: education; health; violence against women and girls; and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) – (MDGs 2, 4, 5, 6 and SDGs 2, 3, 4)On prosperity, the report calls for inclusive growth that ensures all people have employment, social protection and access to financial services (SDGs, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11).On planet, the report calls for equitably addressing climate change, halting biodiversity loss and addressing desertification and unsustainable land use, protecting forests, mountains, oceans, and wildlife and reducing disaster risk (MDG 7 and SDGs 6, 12, 13, 14, 15).On justice, the report discusses governance, reconciliation, peacebuilding and state-building (SDG 16).On partnership, the report describes elements of transformative partnerships that place people, planet and mutual accountability at the centre (MDG 8 and SDG 17) .
15 The SG’s Synthesis Report In brief the report:Endorses the 17 goals and 169 targets agreed to in July by the Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);Demonstrates the extensive consultation that has gone into crafting the agenda, and the broad-based support that now exists for an ambitious and comprehensive final agreement;Makes the case for an integrated, universal sustainable development agenda that links inclusive economic growth, human well-being and the imperative to sustain healthy ecosystems;Puts the broader international human rights framework at the core of the agenda, including economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights, as well as the right to development and future generations’ right to well-being.In implementing a new agenda, the report recommends: committing to a universal approach with solutions that address all countries and groups.
16 Way Forward – The Next Steps Localizing the SDG? What does this mean in practice?Localizing as monitoring SDGs at sub-national level –– disaggregated data at sub-national level and capacity issuesLocalizing as the role of LGAs in implementing the goals – capacity issues?Partnerships?Participatory monitoring – Asking people what they think: Using perception data to monitor the SDGsImplementation and Monitoring are complimentary!Integration within the SDG framework is essential in that a number of development challenges - gender, equality, rights, governance, and resilience, cut across all of the goalsThe unfinished business of the MDGs - what worked and what didn’t work?Role in SSCBig data/data revolution – Is there a role for the UN and DPs in Tanzania?Look at the capacity gaps and data requirements and even test some of the proposed SDGs to inform the data and capacity gaps.