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Module 6 Windows 2000 Professional 6.1 Installation 6.2 Administration/User Interface 6.3 User Accounts 6.4 Managing the File System 6.5 Services.

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Presentation on theme: "Module 6 Windows 2000 Professional 6.1 Installation 6.2 Administration/User Interface 6.3 User Accounts 6.4 Managing the File System 6.5 Services."— Presentation transcript:

1 Module 6 Windows 2000 Professional 6.1 Installation 6.2 Administration/User Interface 6.3 User Accounts 6.4 Managing the File System 6.5 Services

2 Installation

3 Installing the OS Microsoft has a tool called the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) that can be used to verify that the hardware will actually work with Windows 2000. Using hardware that is not listed on the HCL might cause problems during and after installation.

4 Installing the OS Prepare the hard drive for the stages of installation. Files for the setup wizard are copied and the text portion of the setup is displayed. The administrator will: –Read and accept the licensing agreement –Reconfigure or delete the hard disk partitions –Create and format a new partition to install Windows 2000 or reformat an existing partition –Select either FAT or NTFS as the type of file system

5 Installing the OS The Setup Wizard begins the GUI portion of the installation process and prompts the administrator through the next stage of the installation process. After gathering information about the computer, the Windows 2000 Setup program automatically installs the network software.

6 Installing the OS Once the networking components have been installed, the Setup wizard copies additional files to configure Windows 2000 Professional. The Setup program will automatically start the fourth step in the installation process. –Install Start-menu items –Register components –Save the configuration –Remove temporary files

7 Installation of OS Add-On Options Most add-ons can be installed from the installation CD from which the operating system was initially installed. Other post-installation add- ons include service-packs or updates to the operating system that have been made since the installation. These can be downloaded and installed from the manufacturer website at any time.

8 Administrator/User Interface

9 Log On Procedures Windows 2000 implements a GUI and allows a user to log on to the system using the Log On to Windows screen. For security reasons, password characters are masked with asterisks (*) as they are typed. Only the password is case sensitive and should be entered exactly as created.

10 Graphical User Interface (GUI) The most basic feature of Windows 2000, icons are small images with text names that are used to represent larger functionality. In most popular GUI systems, users interact with the system through displays known as windows.

11 Graphical User Interface (GUI) Menu text buttons are usually found lined at the top of windows and offer specific functionalities related to that particular window. The Start menu and the system tray are located on the taskbar. keeps track of all open windows. To power down the PC use the Start menu Shut Down command, where users can also choose to Log Off and Restart the computer.

12 Command-Line Interface (CLI) The Windows 2000 command- line interface (CLI) is based on the MS-DOS operating system of the 1980s. The command interpreter in Windows 2000 can be launched in several ways: –On the taskbar, select Start > Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt. –On the taskbar, select Start > Run. In the Open box type cmd.

13 Windows Explorer Navigation Windows Explorer is used for navigating the entire file system. Collapsing and expanding folders will display all of the content in the right side window. All folders and directories are located in the left side window.

14 User Accounts

15 Adding Users Before logging on to any Windows 2000 client, a user account must first be created on the appropriate network server. The task of creating this account in Windows 2000 is performed with the Computer Management tool. The Computer Management tool allows a system administrator to manage all aspects of a computer, including authorized users, and in the case of a network server, the authorized users of a network domain.

16 Managing User Accounts The simplest user management technique is to right-click the user name listed in the right half of the Computer Management window and select the appropriate task from the menu. The system administrator can instantly choose to Set Password, Delete, or Rename the user. Selecting Properties can also disable the account and checking the Account is disabled box.

17 Managing the File System

18 Creating and Sharing Folders A system administrator creates folders and directories that users throughout the network will share and use to backup files. Once in that directory, right-click on the desktop and choose New then select Folder. To share this folder the administrator will right-click on the folder and select Sharing. The administrator selects the Permissions tab to assign which users or groups will have permission to access this directory.

19 Creating Groups and Adding Users During installation Windows 2000 creates default local groups such as the Administrators and Users groups. Each group has differing levels of control over the local system. Users can create new local groups using the Computer Management tool. To add more users, rename, or delete the group, simply right-click the group name in the window and select the appropriate menu choice.

20 Passwords and Permissions A password is a secret collection of characters that only one user knows. All users have their own passwords. Passwords are used in conjunction with a user name when logging on to a NOS to verify the identity of the user. Passwords do not necessarily need to be unique among users but should be kept secret to ensure network security.

21 Services

22 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Configuring Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) services on Windows XP is the same as configuring these on Windows 2000. By enabling the HTTP service on a NOS, the computer becomes a web server capable of sending out information over the World Wide Web (WWW). The HTTP web service is found under the name Default Web Site.

23 File Transfer Protocol (FTP) The Internet Information Services (IIS) tools are necessary to run both the FTP and HTTP services for Windows 2000 computers. Select Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Internet Services Manager to display the window. By opening the right-click menu on the Default FTP Site icon, the system administrator can start, stop, and pause the service in addition to configuring its various properties.

24 Telnet For security reasons, only a user with administrator privileges can manage the Telnet server on a Windows 2000 machine. For a user to Telnet to a Windows 2000 machine, the user must also be able to log on to that machine locally. By default, the Windows 2000 Telnet server is configured to use Windows NT LAN Manager (NTLM) for user authentication. To restrict telnet access to specific local users, a local Telnet Client group can be created.

25 E-Mail Server/Client Relationship Microsoft uses Exchange as the e-mail server. When a user sends e-mail to another user, it is sent first to the server where it will be placed in the recipient's mailbox. The user who is receiving the e- mail opens the e-mail program and reads the e-mail from the mailbox. When user deletes the e-mail, it will be removed from the server.

26 Printing in Windows 2000 A print server is a computer dedicated to handling client print jobs in the most efficient manner. To share a printer that is attached to the local computer, go to the Printers folder, and then right-click, the printer name. Choose Sharing, click Shared as option button, and then either enter a share name or accept the default.

27 Scripts Windows 2000 can accommodate many types of scripting languages using its built-in Windows Script Host (WSH). This component of Windows 2000 and XP enables users to create scripts using either the VBScript or JavaScript languages. WSH can also recognize any other scripting language. Users can open the Notepad text editor to edit scripts.

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