1 Pertemuan 14 Phrases of agreement Matakuliah: G0134/Grammar III Tahun: 2005 Versi: revisi 1.
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1 Pertemuan 14 Phrases of agreement Matakuliah: G0134/Grammar III Tahun: 2005 Versi: revisi 1
2 Learning Outcomes Pada akhir pertemuan ini, diharapkan mahasiswa akan mampu : menyusun kalimat yang menggunakan kata-kata so dan neither Membuat kalimat dengan menggunakan kata-kata do dan make
3 Outline Materi Short answers Expressing agreement with so and neither Echo questions Vocabulary do & make Suffixes
4 Short answers We often answer yes / no questions with short answers using an auxiliary verb: Can you come? Yes, I can. We repeat the auxiliary verb or modal verb which we use in the question: Aren’t you Penny’s brother? Yes, I am.
5 So + neither Expressing agreement with so and neither In informal speech, we can use certain phrases which include so and neither, usually with do or have, to express agreement with something said previously. We use so + an auxiliary verb to express agreement with affirmative statements: Bill likes it and I also. Bill likes it and so do I.
6 Neither We use neither + an auxiliary verb to express agreement with negative statements: She hasn’t got any money and I haven’t. She hasn’t got any money and neither have I.
7 Echo questions Short questions in informal conversation used to confirm that we have listened to what the other person has said, or to show interest in what the other person is saying. These echo questions do not need an answer.
8 Echo questions The pattern for using these echo questions is: Positive statement – positive echo question Negative statement – negative echo question When the subject of the statement is an object, animal, etc., we use it in the echo question: ‘This bike is very expensive?’ ‘Is it?’ When the subject is a group, we use they: ‘United will win on Saturday.’ ‘Will they?’
9 Echo questions After statements without an auxiliary verb or modal verb, we use do in the echo question: ‘Mary arrived last night.’ ‘Did she?’
10 Echo questions Statement I can come by taxi. I can’t swim. Maria doesn’t play the piano. The Smiths haven’t arrived yet. I’ve got two dogs. John isn’t coming. echo question Can you? Can’t you? Doesn’t she? Haven’t they? Have you? Isn’t he?