Intelligence FOUN 3100 September 10, 2003. www.brainybetty.com2 What is intelligence? Is it one or more abilities or is it the ability to adapt and learn?
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www.brainybetty.com12 The Binet Test Designed to identify children who were unable to learn in school Developed the 1905 scale Developed the concept of mental age (MA), an individual’s level of mental development relative to others Revisions to the Binet test are called the Stanford-Binet test
www.brainybetty.com13 William Stern (1912) Developed the concept of intelligence quotient (IQ) IQ = MA/CA X 100 Example: a 6-year-old (CA) with a mental age of 8 –8/6 X 100 = 133 IQ
www.brainybetty.com14 Wechsler Scales Overall IQ Verbal IQ Performance IQ
www.brainybetty.com15 Controversies and Issues in Intelligence Nature vs. Nurture Ethnicity and Culture Ability Grouping and Tracking –between-class ability grouping (tracking) –within-class ability grouping