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Pesticide Labeling Reeves Petroff

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1 Pesticide Labeling Reeves Petroff
Page Reeves Petroff Pesticide Education Specialist Montana State University Extension

2 Pesticide labels provide necessary information to pesticide users.
Protection of people and the environment from pesticides is based on three factors: Pesticides must be registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency before they can be sold or applied. Pesticide labels provide necessary information to pesticide users. Pesticides must be used according to label instructions. Any product that proclaims pesticidal qualities must be registered with the EPA and must have a label. Labels follow a standard format. Insecto ™ is diotomaceous earth and has a label

3 Instructions on how to use the product safely and correctly.
PESTICIDE LABELS Instructions on how to use the product safely and correctly. Legal document

4 EPA Approval for Labeling
No pesticide may be sold in the US until the EPA has approved the product. Product will not present unreasonable risk to humans and the environment EPA labeling requirements Only after EPA approval and registration can the product be sold.

5 Types of Pesticide Registrations
Federal Registration Special Local Needs Registration Emergency Exemption from Registration

6 Federal Registration Most Common form of Registration
Also called a Section 3 label (Section 3 of the Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act….FIFRA Official EPA Registration number on label look for the number to make sure you are buying an approved product. FIFRA is the federal law that regulates how pesticides are packaged, sold and used

7 Special Local Needs Registrations (Section 24c)
Allows States to further control how a pesticide is used within their jurisdiction. registering additional uses to include sites and pests adding limitations such as groundwater restrictions or number of applications

8 Emergency Exemptions Section 18
Used when an emergency pest situation arises for which no pesticide is registered. Request is made by growers to state Department of Agriculture Strict controls and recordkeeping are required for all these emergency exemptions. The MSU Pesticide Education Program can assist growers with the Section 18 Process.

9 Classification of Pesticide Uses
EPA categorizes every use of pesticide as either- Unclassified or General use Pesticides -GUP Restricted Use (Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP)

10 Restricted Use Pesticides
Classified as restricted if it could cause harm to humans pesticide handlers other persons Or have some environmental impact High water solubility Persistent Toxic to animals or beneficial insects RUPs must be applied by certified applicators

11 Parts of Pesticide Labeling
Brand Name Trade/Brand Name Ingredient Statement Active Ingredient Chemical name Common Name Inert Ingredients

12 Parts of Pesticide Labeling
Registered by EPA Type of Pesticide insecticide algicide herbicide Registration & Establishment Numbers Net Contents Name & Address of Manufacturer The EPA registration number uniquely identifies the pesticide. The EPA Establishment number is found on the actual labels and tells where the product was manufactured. It is not on this slide because the label came from a sample book.

13 Parts of Pesticide Labeling
Type of formulation WP - wettable powder D - dust EC - emulsifiable concentrate 22K – 22% potassium (K) salt Restricted Use Label label will state “Restricted-Use Pesticide” in a box at the top of the front label will include a statement on the product Its nice to know the type of formulation so that you can plan for what kind of safety gear you need. Wet formulations such as Emulsifiable concentrates and Soluble liquids are more easily absorbed whereas dry formulations such as wettable powders (WP) and Dust are more easily inhaled, especially during mixing and loading. The “K” in Tordon 22K means it’s a potassium salt, salts are more soluble in water, but also potassium salts tend to react more with hard water minerals and may cause problems

14 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Signal Words
Danger–Poison – it can kill you! Danger – usually associated with skin or eye damage Warning -moderately toxic Caution - least toxic Signal words indicate acute toxicity only (single short term dose).

15 Signal Word True or False? All pesticides with Danger or Danger-Poison signal words must be designated as RUPS.

16 Washington – It’s restricted!
Montana – It’s not!

17 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Remember – all labels follow a certain format
Statement of practical treatment (first aid) instructions on how to respond to an emergency exposure involving the product Precautionary Statements What safety gear to wear (PPE) User Precautions

18 Parts of Pesticide Labeling
Environmental Hazards Proximity to water Soil restrictions Buffer Zones ? Physical or Chemical Hazards Directions for use it is a violation of FIFRA to us a pesticide in a manner inconsistent with its labeling

19 Brand Name Ingredients PPE EPA #’s Signal Word User Precautions First Aid

20 Parts of Pesticide Labeling
Entry Statement a precaution about entering a treated area after application. This statement tells you how much time must pass before people can enter a treated area worker protection RESTRICTED ENTRY INTERVAL

21 Parts of Pesticide Labeling
Storage and Disposal prohibitions storage spilled materials pesticide disposal container disposal it is unlawful to burn pesticide containers in Montana


23 Sites 20 to 40 psi 10 to 20 GPA - ground


25 Uses inconsistent with the Pesticide Label
It is illegal to use a pesticide in any way not permitted by the labeling. Off-site Improper equipment settings Improper rate (lack of calibration) No safety gear worn when the label says you must!

26 Pesticide Labels You may not use higher dosages higher concentrations
more frequent applications

27 Pesticide Labels You can…. apply a pesticide at any dosage, concentration, or frequency less than that listed on the labeling apply a pesticide against any target pest not listed on the label as long as the the application is to a plant, animal, or site that is listed,

28 Pesticide Labels Allowed uses not mentioned in the labeling
use any appropriate equipment or method of application that is not prohibited by the labeling mix a pesticide or pesticides with a fertilizer if the mixture is not prohibited by the labeling mix two of more pesticides, if all of the dosages are at or below the recommended rate

29 Material Safety Data Sheets MSDS
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Manufacturers responsibility Not intended for use by average or casual applicator Protect workers who handle pure forms or very high concentrations of a chemical for long periods of time Not a complete source of health and safety information

30 Before you purchase the product
Before you mix and apply the product Before you dispose of the container

Is it approved for use? Will the pesticide will control the pest or pests? Can the pesticide can be applied safely and legally?  Application conditions  BLM Procedures Where can the pesticide be applied? - Sites- Special equipment setup? Nozzles? GPA Page 103 Acres How much do you need? X Product rate 300 acres 300 pints X 1 pint per acre = 37.5 Gallons Any use restrictions. Compare different pesticide labels, Different products may control the same pest. Select approved products that control the pests and are less toxic and/or less expensive.

32 BEFORE YOU MIX Protective equipment you should use.
Compatibility of the pesticide with other products or additives. Amount of the pesticide to use. Product rate? Mixing procedure.

33 BEFORE YOU APPLY Safety measures. PPE required?
Procedures to follow to minimize harm to people, animals, plants or the environment. How to apply the pesticide. When to apply the pesticide Susceptible life stage REI?

Where and how to store the pesticide. Pesticide label information intact? How to decontaminate and dispose of the pesticide container. Where and how to dispose of surplus pesticides.


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